Horse Parapet Facade and Potential Archaeological Site | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Horse Parapet Facade and Potential Archaeological Site

Item details

Name of item: Horse Parapet Facade and Potential Archaeological Site
Other name/s: Horse Parapeted Shops
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Commercial Office/Building
Primary address: 198-216 Church Street, Parramatta, NSW 2150
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP650150
LOT1 DP72798
LOT1 DP895558
LOT1 DP897790
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
198-216 Church StreetParramattaParramatta  Primary Address
38-46 Macquarie StParramattaParramatta  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

The group collectively known as "Horse parapeted shops" is of significance for the Parramatta area for historical and aesthetic reasons and as representative example of Victorian Italianate shops in the area. Built c. 1881, it makes a major contribution to the streetscape and presents a landmark in the centre of Parramatta. This group of commercial buildings makes a major presence at a major intersection and demonstrates the commercial role of Parramatta in the nineteenth century. The site possesses potential to contribute to an understanding of early urban development in Parramatta.
Date significance updated: 02 Jul 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1881-
Physical description: Victorian Italianate two-storey shops and offices with parapet decorated with two prancing plaster horses. Rendered brick walls have a decorative stringline. Splayed corner is offset with pilasters. Pilaster decoration between each set of three windows in the Palladian style. Rendered brick with bracket decorations below sills. Victorian mould arches above each window with decorative stops. Awning is skillion metal shop awning with corrugated iron roof. Construction year 1881 in central niche. The ground floor has been altered.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
National Trust (Parramatta Branch): Good.
Modifications and dates: National Trust (Parramatta Branch) supplied Year Started.
Further information: CPS, NTL


Historical notes: Built in the late nineteenth century and is an distinctive landmark in Parramatta. Archaeological Site Data 1790: Convict allotments and huts, Return: 1823 Charles Whalan, Lease: 1823 James Wright (LTO Book 25, No 72) Grant: Jane M Thorn. Sec 16 Allt 83 Sites of Buildings: c 1792 map: 2 convict huts, c1804 map: same buildings, 1823 map: building, 1844 map: building of masonry Extant Buildings: None National Trust (Parramatta Branch): Also listed at 040 to 046 Macquarie Street. | | 1823: lease to James Wright , early baker in Parramatta,. Wright's first lease ordered by Governor Phillip was within the grounds of what is now Parramatta Park. After Governor Macquarie 's arrival in 1810, the Government Domain was enlarged to include the small creek at the bottom of the hill and just west of the present day O'Connell Street. | Grant to Jane Thorn Sec.16 Allt 83 (1844?) | SD 1932: N0.172: Johnson, L., confectioner | SD 1930: N0.172 : Walker, confectioner | SD 1929: N0.172 : Walker, confectioner | SD 1925: Vidler, Butcher | SD 1920: N0.172 :Vidler, W. H , butcher | SD 1910: N0.172 :Vidler, W. H , butcher | SD 1903: Dyer, H G, tobacconist and Cumberland Argus and Fruit growers Advocate: Little & Co. | SD 1900: Coates, George Jnr, tobacconist and Cumberland Argus and Fruit growers Advocate also Little & Co. | SD 1895: Smith, Harry J., tobacconist and Cumberland Mercury & Parramatta Gazette, | Black, J .E. proptr. | SD 1889: Mercantile Bank, Brennan, J.J., manager | PCC RB 1879: N0. | 1870: Sweeney's coach building Co. and Granny Hobbs, confectioner, were on this site.(see photograph in S & K. Brown ibid p55.) | 1810? onwards: Grant to James Wright , baker.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item historically significant.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This item is aesthetically significant.
SHR Criteria g)
This item is representative.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental PlanREP No 2810920 Aug 99 956161
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Parramatta Heritage Study1993109Meredith Walker  Yes
Parramatta Heritage Review2004 National Trust (Parramatta Branch)  No

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2240109

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