Llonels | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Llonels
Other name/s: Residence Cojoined
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 1 Cowper Street, Harris Park, NSW 2150
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP935059
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1 Cowper StreetHarris ParkParramatta  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The house at 1 Cowper Street is of significance for the local area for historical and aesthetical reasons and as an example of house with decorative external rendered finish both unusual and rare in Parramatta and potentially rare in NSW. This Federation house, built c. 1912, is readily identifiable as part of historic building stock and strongly contributes to the streetscape. Its significance is also associated with its neighbour No 3 Cowper Street constructed in the same manner.
Date significance updated: 04 Mar 02
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1912-
Physical description: Single storey residence of timber framed walls with lath and flat and rough cast rendered finish is asymmetrical at front with a decorative rough cast gable. Rendered brick walls have strap work enclosing spatterdash and decorative incised shapes below picture rail level and spatterdash above. Hipped corrugated iron roof has louvred ventilator at the gable. Projecting flying gable to street elevation has timber decorative ladder brackets. Two chimneys have spatterdash and rendered brick decoration below a cornice and three small cylindrical terracotta pots. Corrugated iron roof extending from main roof over verandah runs across front to projecting gable. Verandah is supported by two turned timber posts and brackets and is decorated by turned spindles in valance. Front windows have timber sills with decorative timber fret work undersills and incised panels either side of windows. Front door has transom light over Federation five panelled door with glazing removed from three panels above lock rail and replaced with timber panels. Front fence is new picket fence.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
good. High potential. National Trust (Parramatta Branch): Good.
Date condition updated:11 May 98
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: The two parcels of land on the north western corner of Marion and Cowper Streets, now 1 and 3 Cowper Street, were first assessed for rates as enclosed land in 1889. In 1912 a plasterer, Lancelot Howlett, who owned part of the land, erected a cottage called Llonels, with an improved capital value of 400 pounds in 1914. National Trust (Parramatta Branch): One of lovely set of houses in need of loving care. | SD 1932: Mrs W.F. Edwards | SD 1930: Phillip C. Taylor | SD 1929: Mrs Annie Kellett | SD 1925: Sydney Lewis | SD 1923: Sydney Lewis | SD 1920: Henry J. Howlett | SD 1915: Henry J. Howlett | PCC RB 1915: N0. 869 Improv. Cap. Val. 295 pounds. H.J. Howlett | PCC RO 1914: N0. 869 Sec.- lots pt.3. Henry Joseph Howlett,plasterer Parra. | SD 1914: no entry |

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing-Includes the range from individual homes or homesteads to group accommodation.
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Land tenure-Aboriginal and European; may include sub-divisions, fences, Survey marks etc.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This building has historical significance as a pre WWI leasing development using an unusual building technique directly related to the fact that the owner was a plasterer.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This item has aesthetic significance because it emodies a highly decorative finish to an unusual wall construction used externally. This decoration is also emphasised within the chimneys and wall gables.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
This item has technical/research significance because it is constructed using an unusual cladding technique and considered extremely rare in Parramatta and potentially rare elsewhere in NSW.
SHR Criteria f)
Potentially an extremely rare building construction technique.
Integrity/Intactness: Almost intact externally
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Further research and detailed fabric investigation should be undertaken to ascertain its level of significance. Could be considered as part of a Cowper Street/Marion Street conservation area.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental PlanREP No 28 20 Aug 99 956161
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Parramatta Heritage Study1993 Meredith Walker  Yes
Assessment of Potential Heritage Items in Parramatta City Centre & Harris Park199822Graham Edds & Associates in conjunction with Prof Ian Jack  Yes
Parramatta Heritage Review2004 National Trust (Parramatta Branch)  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenParramatta City Archives Rate Books, Anderson Ward 1882-1900
WrittenParramatta City Archives Valuation Book, Anderson Ward 1908-10, 1911-13, 1914-16

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2241016

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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