Jeshyron | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Jeshyron

Item details

Name of item: Jeshyron
Other name/s: Residence Cojoined
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 3 Cowper Street, Harris Park, NSW 2150
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP935059
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
3 Cowper StreetHarris ParkParramatta  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This building has state rarity significance because its structure embodies a decorative external rendered finish both unusual and rare in Parramatta and potentially rare in NSW. Its unusual structure is directly related to the building being constructed and decorated by the owner Henry Howlett a plasterer. Its significance is also associated with its neighbour No 1 Cowper Street constructed in the same manner.
Date significance updated: 04 Mar 02
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1912-
Physical description: Single storey residence in the Federation freestyle assymetrical at front with hipped gablet roof form and front projecting gable over the projecting room. A verandah roof continues from the main hip and is supported on turned timber posts with decorative brackets and turned timber frieze. External walls are timber framed with rendered and rough cast decoration to front and sides. Double slender Victorian style windows with projecting sills. Six panelled timber door. Verandah with bullnose edge. Two chimneys decorated with rough cast. Unsympathetic wire mesh fence. National Trust (Parramatta Branch): Fabric: Rendered brick walls, with strap work enclosing spatterdash and decorative incised shapes below picture rail level and spatterdash above. Spatterdash used widely as a decoration. Roof is corrugated iron. Roof Construction: Gambrel roof, louvred ventilator enclosed. Projecting flying gable to street elevation with timber decorative ladder brackets. Within the gable a projecting bay decorated with raised pebbles and curved strap work with house name inscribed in centre. Chimneys: Three chimneys, two front chimneys are spatterdash and rendered brick below a cornice . Kitchen chimney simple red brick with spatterdash band below brick cornices. Verandah: Corrugated iron roof extending from main roof over verandah across front to projecting gable. Verandah Floor: Tessellated tiles on verandah and path with sandstone trim. Verandah Supports: Two turned timber posts and brackets. Verandah Decoration: Turned spindles in valance. Verandah Decoration: Turned spindles in valance. Window Sill: Timber sill with decorative timber fret work undersills and incised panels either side of windows. Window Arch: Flat arch. Fence: Aluminium cyclone wire fence with wire mesh panel attached to pipe frame gate. Garden: Neat. Archit Style: Federation single-storey cottage. Front Door: Transom light over Federation five panelled door with glazing removed from three panels above lock rail replaced with timber panels. Other Features: Sandstone gutters.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
good. High potential. National Trust (Parramatta Branch): Good.
Date condition updated:11 May 98
Current use: Residence

History

Historical notes: The two parcels of land on the north western corner of Marion and Cowper Streets, were first assessed for rates as enclosed land in 1889. In 1912, the plasterer, Henry Joesph Howlett, who owned part of the land, erected a cottage called Jeshyron. In the 1911-13 Valuation Book it is shown as weatherboard and in 1914 a much lower improved capital value than no 1; 295 pounds as against 400 pounds. National Trust (Parramatta Branch): One of lovely set of houses in need of loving care. | SD 1932: Mrs W.F. Edwards | SD 1930: Phillip C. Taylor | SD 1929: Mrs Annie Kellett | SD 1925: Sydney Lewis | SD 1923: Sydney Lewis | SD 1920: Henry J. Howlett | SD 1915: Henry J. Howlett | PCC RB 1915: N0. 869 Improv. Cap. Val. 295 pounds. H.J. Howlett | PCC RO 1914: N0. 869 Sec.- lots pt.3. Henry Joseph Howlett,plasterer Parra. | SD 1914: no entry |

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing-Includes the range from individual homes or homesteads to group accommodation.
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Land tenure-Aboriginal and European; may include sub-divisions, fences, Survey marks etc.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This building has historical significance as a pre WWI leasing development using an unusual building technique directly related to the fact that the owner was a plasterer.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This item has aesthetic significance because it embodies a highly decorative finish to an unusual wall construction used externally. This decoration is also emphasised within the chimneys and wall gables.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
This item has technical/research significance because it is constructed using an unusual cladding technique and considered extremely rare in Parramatta and rare elsewhere.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Potentially an extremely rare building construction technique.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Further research and detailed fabric investigation should be undertaken to ascertain its level of significance. Could be considered as part of a Cowper Street/Marion Street conservation area.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental PlanREP No 28 20 Aug 99 956161
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Parramatta Heritage Study1993 Meredith Walker  Yes
Assessment of Potential Heritage Items in Parramatta City Centre & Harris Park199823Graham Edds & Associates in conjunction with Prof Ian Jack  Yes
Parramatta Heritage Review2004 National Trust (Parramatta Branch)  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenParramatta City Archives0Rate Books, Anderson Ward 1882-1900
WrittenParramatta City Archives Valuation Book, Anderson Ward 1908-10, 1911-13, 1914-16

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2241017


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