Parramatta Archaeological Management Unit 2890 | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Parramatta Archaeological Management Unit 2890

Item details

Name of item: Parramatta Archaeological Management Unit 2890
Other name/s: Part of Former Government Domain
Type of item: Archaeological-Terrestrial
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: Darcy Road, Westmead, NSW 2145
Parish: St John
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
Lot1010DP1011697
LotA0DP103103
LotA, B DP103103
LotB0DP103103
Lot10DP213094
Lot1-3 DP213094
Lot20DP213094
Lot30DP213094
Lot10DP219547
Lot20DP219547
Lot2-8 DP219547
Lot30DP219547
Lot40DP219547
Lot50DP219547
Lot60DP219547
Lot70DP219547
Lot80DP219547
Lot10DP306718
LotB0DP355020
LotA0DP360736
LotA0DP401668
LotA DP401668
LotB DP411202
LotB0DP411202
Lot12A0DP448607
Lot12A, 12B DP448607
Lot12B0DP448607
Lot20DP510199
Lot1 DP515289
Lot10DP515289
Lot10DP525741
Lot1-2 DP525741
Lot20DP525741
Lot1 DP611008
Lot10DP611008
Lot10DP736142
Lot1 DP736142
Lot21 DP740383
Lot210DP740383
Lot150DP7407
Lot15, 19 DP7407
Lot190DP7407
Lot3820DP752058
Lot310DP786621
Lot31-32 DP786621
Lot320DP786621
Lot270DP8039
Lot280DP8039
Lot900DP864488
Lot90-91 DP864488
Lot910DP864488
Lot910DP864488
Lot910DP864488
Lot101 DP881646
Lot1010DP881646
Lot120DP881647
Lot12-15 DP881647
Lot130DP881647
Lot140DP881647
Lot150DP881647

Boundary:

Blocks bounded by Darcy Road to the south, Mons Road to the east, Cardillo Street to the northeast, Milson Park and Toongabbie Creek Reserve on the north.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Cardillo StreetWestmeadParramatta   
Darcy RoadWestmeadParramattaSt JohnCumberlandPrimary Address
Mons RoadWestmeadParramatta  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

This AMU has moderate archaeological research potential.
This area was part of the former Government Domain that was subdivided in 1859 and developed during the twentieth century.
The physical archaeological evidence within this area may include built landforms, structural features, intact subfloor deposits, open deposits and scatters, ecological samples and individual artefacts which have potential to yield information relating to major historic themes including Housing, Agriculture, Government and Administration, Environment, Industry and Health.
Archaeological evidence at this site is likely to be subject to major disturbance.
This AMU is of Local significance.
Date significance updated: 13 Sep 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Residential and commercial blocks adjacent to Darcy and Briens Road, with a mix of cottages, villas, a nursing home complex, facilities associated with the Westmead health institutions east of Mons Road and a large industrial/commercial complex, partly under construction. Some of the cottages facing Darcy Road are Federation or Inter-War in style and others are under construction. There is a vacant lot at 14a Mons Road, adjacent to two mid-century cottages, which shows no evidence of having been built upon.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
This area has some archaeological potential to reveal information about the former Government Domain and residential accommodation in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. This potential is greater in the yards and possibly underfloor areas of the cottages, and especially in the vacant lot in Mons Road. Some remains may have been preserved in the allotments currently occupied by a nursing home and villas. The industrial complex on Darcy Road, which has been substantially excavated for its construction, has little or no potential for archaeological remains.
This evaluation is based on historical resources available to, and field survey undertaken for, the Parramatta Historical Archaeological Landscape Management Study 2000 (PHALMS). Analysis of available information has been extensive but not exhaustive. Some elements of the site represented in historical records may not have been discussed within the parameters of the PHALMS project. A comprehensive archaeological assessment of this AMU has not been undertaken.
The ‘Recommended Management’ actions listed below indicate what may be required to manage archaeological resources within this AMU. Please note that all requirements may not be required for all parts of this AMU.
Date condition updated:25 Jun 00
Current use: Residential, Commercial, Health
Former use: Agricultural, part of former Government Domain

History

Historical notes: The area that is now Westmead was first cleared in 1791 and convict labourers were moved there to prepare ground to grow grain. Originally part of Government Farm, land in the area was granted to some settlers over the next decade for small farms.
In 1810, Governor Macquarie resumed these grants and declared the Government Domain, surrounding Government House. The Domain became open parkland, planted with shrubberies and hedges of orange trees and wattles (Kass et al 1996: 92).
It is not clear what level of building or other alteration to the landscape was undertaken in either of these periods.
In 1859 the Government Domain was subdivided and these lots in northern Westmead were purchased by George Oakes, who also purchased many other lots in the subdivision.
Oakes' land appears to have been subdivided around the turn of the century, and the first houses appear to have been built at this time, as suggested by the Federation-style of some of the cottages facing Darcy Road. No. 23, the 'Old Windsor Cottage', dates to c1896 (as indicated on its For Sale sign).
By 1951, there were about 15 houses within the subject area, with long narrow yards, some possibly used for cultivation or gardening.
In the decades after 1951, the remaining blocks were sold-off and subdivided. While many of the cottages seem to have survived, it appears that a house in Mons Road was replaced by the two c1960s cottages on 12 and 12a Mons Road.
In the 1980s and 1990s, some lots were amalgamated for villa-style housing and industrial/commercial complexes.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments-National Theme 1
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Gardens-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. What is the extent of biodiversity in Parramatta's pre-European landscape?-Environment (Natural) Control
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Environment/Contact: What do we know of the Contact Environment?-Environment (Natural) Control
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Agricultural Centre: Does the change from agricultural production centre to service centre become apparent in the archae-Agriculture Production
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Industrial Revolution: Is there evidence of eighteenth- or early nineteenth-century agriculture?-Agriculture Production
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Agriculture-Cultivation of land; includes crop-raising, forestry, stock-raising.
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Environment/Alteration: What is the result of alteration of the landscape?-Environment (Modified) Control; Control
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Environment-Natural or modified and shaped; may include Aboriginal and European features, clearing, timber getting, soil conservation, national parks, gardens, special plantings, preservation of open space.
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Health-Includes hospitals, maternity hospitals.
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Industry-Related to the rise, fall and replacement of urban and rural industries.
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Regional Subdivision: Do the patterns of nineteenth- and twentieth-century subdivision indicate changing expectation of-Housing
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing-Includes the range from individual homes or homesteads to group accommodation.
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 20th century Suburban Developments-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Governing-National Theme 7
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Government and administration-Includes maladministration.
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1850-1900-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1900-1950-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1950-2000-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This AMU provides evidence of a range of historical processes and activities relating to the history of Parramatta. Specific historical and associated values have not been assessed.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The archaeological resources of this AMU have no known aesthetic significance although it is recognised that exposed in situ archaeological remains may have distinctive/attractive visual qualities.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The potential social values of this AMU have not been assessed. However, some places take on high social values as a result of community interest in archaeological investigations.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The archaeological resources of this AMU provide evidence of past human culture and activity, and therefore have potential to yield scientific and historical information relating to early agricultural use of the land around Parramatta prior to 1810 and of the use of the Government Domain.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The rarity of the archaeological resources within this AMU has not been assessed.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
This AMU includes archaeological resources which, as a set, provide a physical chronicle of the history of Parramatta.
Integrity/Intactness: Archaeological evidence at this site is likely to be subject to major disturbance.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Statutory: DCP. Statutory: NSW Heritage Act (Section 140). Site Requirement: Test Trench and Reassess. Interpretation: Signage Temporary.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Archaeological zoning plan     
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
PHALMS2001 Godden Mackay Logan  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Map 1791Hawkes River, showing the towns of Parramatta and settlements at Rose Hill, Field of Mars, Toongabbie
PhotographLand and Property Information1998Aerial Photographs
PhotographLand and Property Information1951Aerial photographs
WrittenMeredith Walker1993City of Parramatta Heritage Study
MapSurveyor General's Office1871Plan of the Environs of Parramatta, County of Cumberland, NSW, 1871
WrittenTerry Kass, Carol Liston, John McClymont1996Parramatta: a past revealed
MapW. Meadows Brownrigg1844Plan of the Town of Parramatta and the Adjacent Properties, as surveyed by W. Meadows Brownrigg, Surveyor

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2242890


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