Grave | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Grave

Item details

Name of item: Grave
Type of item: Archaeological-Terrestrial
Group/Collection: Cemeteries and Burial Sites
Category: Isolated Grave/Burial Site
Primary address: Barrenjoey Headland, Palm Beach, NSW 2108
Parish: Narrabeen
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Pittwater
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Barrenjoey HeadlandPalm BeachPittwaterNarrabeenCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The grave is of the first lighthouse keeper at Barrenjoey Lighthouse- George Mulhall, who was appointed by the Colonial Treasurer in 1868. Therefore the grave has rare historic and social significance as an early grave of the Pittwater area and is representative of early settlement and development of the district.
Date significance updated: 09 Jan 15
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The grave is as a sandstone enclosure featuring pointed sandstone pyramid caps. Within the walls, the grave itself it paves and features a marble headstone laid on the ground. The inscription of the headstone reads:

"Sacred to the memory of George Mulhall who departed this life 25th June 1885 aged 71 years
All ye that come my grave to see, Prepare in time to follow me, Repent at once without delay, For I in haste was called away.
Erected by his son George Mulhall
Also to the memory of Mary relict of the above who departed this life 28th Dec 1886 aged 75 years
May their souls rest in peace."
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:16 Jul 14
Current use: Grave

History

Historical notes: The census of 1828 stated that George Mulhall was born in Australia in 1811 (his headstone states 1814). His father and mother came in convict ships from Ireland in 1803 and Wales in 1804 (respectively). George spent his early years on his parents property adjoining present day Hunter Street and later moved to a property on Brisbane Water - Mulhall Point (now known as Wagstaff Point). In 1835, George married Mary Ann Smith and stayed at the Mulhall property (Guesdon, 2013).

On July 9 1868, George was appointed by the Colonial Treasurer as lightkeeper at Barrenjoey and his son (George Jr) became the assistant keeper. At that stage the lighthouse was Two Stewart Towers and the quarters were located on the third tee of the present day Palm Beach Golf Course. When Barrenjoey Head Lighthouse commenced operation on July 29, 1881 George became principal keeper and his son first assistant (Guesdon, 2013).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Birth and Death-Activities associated with the initial stages of human life and the bearing of children, and with the final stages of human life and disposal of the dead. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This is the grave of the first lighthouse keeper at Barrenjoey Lighthouse- George Mulhall, who was appointed by the Colonial Treasurer in 1868. Therefore the grave has rare historic and social significance as an early grave of the Pittwater area and is representative of early settlement and development of the district.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site grave strong associations with Barrenjoey Lightstation is a significant intact example of a late Victorian lightstation designed by James Barnet, the NSW Colonial Architect in the period 1862-90. The complex of buildings at the Barrenjoey Lightstation are the oldest remaining structures in Pittwater and remain as evidence of the earlier coastal shipping use of the Bay and Hawkesbury River
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Social significance of the place requires a more detailed study to ascertain its value for the local community. However, it could be anticipated being the grave of the first lighthouse keeper at Barrenjoey Lighthouse- George Mulhall, this would provide a historical connection to the local community.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The grave is also one of the only graves of its kind in the Pittwater LGA.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The grave is a good example of burial site of the period
Integrity/Intactness: Good
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The grave should be conserved and maintained. Any maintenance repair work should be undertaken by a qualified stonemason experienced in heritage stonework.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  04 Feb 94   
Local Environmental PlanPittwater Local Environmental Plan 2014227009527 Jun 14   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Pittwater Community Based Heritage Study Review2015 City Plan Heritage  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2270095


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