Stone Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Stone Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Stone Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 15 East Street, Bardwell Valley, NSW 2207
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
15 East StreetBardwell ValleyRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The house at 15 East Street, Bardwell Valley is significant as part of a unique group of six late Federation rusticated sandstone cottages built by the same builder/stonemason on a prominent location overlooking Bardwell Park. It is representative of the historic development of the 1910 Maylands Estate subdivision.
Date significance updated: 24 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Msrs. Smellie and Sim
Construction years: 1920-
Physical description: Single storey Inter-war cottage with rock- face ashlar sandstone walls. Marseille tile hipped roof with front facing gable with finials. Decorative timber brackets and twin pairs of veranda posts rest on sandstone bases. Original sandstone fence to the front. Building is intact to sides and front and has weatherboard skillion roofed addition at the rear.
The building is in the middle of a group of three: 13, 15 and 17 East Street.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Excellent with original timber veranda details.
Date condition updated:29 May 10
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: The subject property is part of land purchased at auction by James Pike in 1839. In 1840 Pike and his wife Anastasia sold his land to wool merchant and land speculator William Hirst (Rathbone 23-27). Hirst subdivided the land into rural allotments, creating Dowling Street, John Street, Hirst Street and Wentworth Street, and registered the subdivision as The Village of Arncliffe Estate. Owing to economic recession, few sales were made and in 1843 Hirst was declared insolvent. The following year his trustees again offered the Arncliffe Estate, comprising of 15 rural allotments between five and 10 acres, for sale. The land didn’t sell well. It eventually passed to well-known auctioneer Edward Salamon (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, p
47). In 1910 the land was subdivided as part of the Maylands Estate. The subject house appears to have been built in the late 1910s. By 1924 the occupant was miner Alexander F Jamieson, formerly of Mudgee, and his wife Elizabeth (Sands Directory; NSW Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages). Following Alexander’s death in 1934, his son and daughter-in-law, George Ellis Jamieson and wife Dorothy Elma, lived at the house along with Elizabeth (‘Funerals’, SMH, 3 July 1935). George Jamieson was a shopkeeper in Woolgoolga before he moved his family to the Rockdale area. Following his death, Dorothy Jamieson and Elizabeth Jamieson remained at the subject place until at least 1943 (‘Deaths’, SMH, 1 May 1943). The house is shown on a water board plan dated 1920-1946 (MWS&DB, Bardwell Valley Sheet 71, 1920-1946).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This stone dwelling is historically significant as part of the c. 1910 Mayland Estate subdivision. It was built in 1922 as part of a group of stone cottages which was built by the same stonemason/builder; he added a new cottage to the group every year or so as he was able.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is aesthetically significant as part of a group of six Federation sandstone cottages.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The building is significant because it has the potential to yield information about early building materials and techniques.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
This dwelling is part of a rare grouping of six late Federation rusticated sandstone dwellings built by the same stonemason/builder in Rockdale.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good example of a late Federation sandstone house.
Integrity/Intactness: The building is very intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale Local Environmental Plan 2011I8105 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991299AMeredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330083


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