Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 78 Abercorn Street, Bexley, NSW 2207
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
78 Abercorn StreetBexleyRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

This Federation house is significant as part of the original Alphington Park Estate subdivision of 1878 and as part of a streetscape of identical high quality Federation-style houses with intact Marseille tile roofs, timber veranda and window bracket details and rough cast gable and chimney details. The house is historically significant as part of the development of commuter suburbs in the Rockdale area.
Date significance updated: 31 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: A Federation-style brick house with Marseille tile roof, rough cast gable details, carved timber veranda and window bracket details, and late window canopy and roughcast and brick stepped chimney details.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The dwelling is intact with original Marseille tile roof, timber details, chimney and chimney pots and original timber windows and doors.
Date condition updated:03 Dec 04
Modifications and dates: BA-1997/750: ADDITION TO DWELLING SINGLE STOREY CLASS 1a
DA-2004/678: NEW OUTBUILDING AND CARPORT
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: In 1822 James Chandler, merchant purchased 100 acres adjoining Hannah Laycocks "Kings Grove". On 19th October 1831 Governor Brisbane granted Chandler a further 1300 acres as well as 4 convicts and stores with which to develop his land. Chandler selected a heavily timbered ridge adjoining his existing holding. This grant now encompasses the suburbs of Bexley, Bexley North, Kogarah and part of Rockdale.
Chandler found it difficult to develop or to sell of the property. Finally in 1836 the whole estate was sold to Charles Tompson from Windsor. Tompson also tried to subdivide and sell but without success. The new road to Illawarra which provided much needed access to the estate was opened in 1844 provided hope but was then undermined by the 1840's depression.
During the 1840s the area was exploited by timber getters who cleared the forests of Iron Bark, Blue Gum, Spotted Gum, Red Gum, Bloodwood and Turpentine.
The estate was sold in 1850 to Charles James Tindell a South Coast grazier. Tindell then undertook the first subdivision into smaller lots. (Rathbone 1980)
The land on which this dwelling is built is located within the Alphington Park Estate subdivision which was created in 1878.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This Federation house is historically significant as it was built on the Alphington Estate, which was originally subdivided in 1878. The house is historically significant as part of the development of commuter suburbs in the Rockdale area
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is aesthetically significant as part of a consistent streetscape of 1920's Federation Style dwellings which have identical Marseille tile roofs and gable treatment and timber veranda brackets. The house is part a group of five Federation detached cottages which together make a significant contribution to the streetscape of Abercorn Street
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a detached Federation house in a group of similar houses in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: Substantially intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I9605 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991243Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330088


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