Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 79 Hirst Street, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
79 Hirst StreetArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The house provides physical evidence of the early 20th century development of the 1893 Hill Top Estate. This dwelling is aesthetically significant as a Federation house that contributes to the historic and diverse architectural character of Hirst Street. The building is a good representative example of a Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Date significance updated: 26 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: A rare example of a Federation style dwelling with pyramid roof intersected with a hipped gabled roof and united by a corner veranda. There is a small gabled ventilator at the apex of the pyramid roof and rear skillion. The walls are constructed of red face brick with a darker brick string course at dado height. The front door is arched with side and transom lights and is original behind a security screen. The veranda post is timber with a timber valence and brackets. The original veranda floor and steps have been removed and replaced with contemporary tiles along with a aluminium lace balustrade. There is a new picket fence at the front and a driveway down the side to a car port.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The dwelling is in excellent condition.
Date condition updated:30 May 10
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: The subject property is part of land purchased at auction by James Pike in 1839. In 1840 Pike and his wife Anastasia sold his land to wool merchant and land speculator William Hirst (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, pp 23-27). Hirst subdivided the land into rural allotments, creating Dowling Street, John Street, Hirst Street and Wentworth Street, and registered the subdivision as The Village of Arncliffe Estate. Owing to economic recession, few sales were made and in 1843 Hirst was declared insolvent. The following year his trustees again offered the Arncliffe Estate, comprising of 15 rural allotments between five and 10 acres, for sale. The land didn’t sell well. It eventually passed to well-known auctioneer Edward Salamon (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, p 47) and later to auctioneer J E Green. In 1893 the land of which the subject property forms a part was subdivided and sold by Green as the Hill Top Estate. Hirst Street was sometimes mistakenly called Hurst Street until around the 1920s. Early occupation and ownership have not been established, and it is unclear whether street numbering has changed. In 1920 the occupant listed at this address was H J Jones, then Arthur Baxter from c1925 until at least 1933 (Sands Directory). In 1929 ownership of the property, changed (‘Real Estate Auction Sales’, SMH, 5 March 1929). By 1948 William Cornelius Hardman and his wife Annie Julia (nee Ryan) were living at 79 Hirst Street (‘Deaths’, SMH, 4 June 1938).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Village community to commuter suburb - Housing-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The house provides physical evidence of the early 20th century development of the 1893 Hill Top Estate.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This dwelling is aesthetically significant as a Federation house that contributes to the historic and diverse architectural character of Hirst Street
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: The house is reasonably intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I3205 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991103Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330102


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