Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 18 Oakura Street, Rockdale, NSW 2216
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
18 Oakura StreetRockdaleRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

This Federation house is historically significant as part of the development of commuter suburbs in the Rockdale area. The house is significant because of its historical association with Mr E J Gardiner former Mayor and Alderman Rockdale Council for 35 years. The building is aesthetically significant as a large Federation detached house built in the Rockdale area and it makes a significant contribution to the streetscape of Oakura Street. The building is an excellent representative example of a Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Date significance updated: 31 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Large Federation house with corner wrapping veranda on a rock faced sandstone ashlar base. Windows in the stone veranda wall indicate a room under the veranda. Face brick with red lead wash and hipped slate roof with terracotta ridge capping and finials. Projecting front gable with bay window with original awning on timber brackets. Bay windows have coloured glass in upper sashes. Timber shingles infill gable end. Twin timber veranda columns with decorative brackets. Rough course rock fence along the front of the property. Original circa 1920 garage at eastern front corner.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Dwelling is in excellent condition.
Date condition updated:14 Apr 10
Modifications and dates: DA2000/210 Alterations and additions to existing dwelling and garage. Page 5 letter from owner Garage removed from DA, Rear addition approved.
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: The subject property is part of land auctioned to Thomas Holt the Younger in 1853. The subject house was built c1912-1916, apparently for Edward John Gardiner, a long-serving Mayor of Rockdale who formerly lived in Harrow Road, Bexley and his wife Mary Estelle (nee Beard) (Sands Directory). The couple lived there together until Mary’s death in 1946, following which Edward Gardiner remained at the house (‘Herald’s Flood Relief’, SMH, 13 September 1949). Their son, architect Douglas Babington Gardiner (b.1905) lived next door at 16 Oakura Street (‘Tenders’, SMH, 22 May 1937).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Village community to commuter suburb - Housing-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This Federation house is historically significant as part of the development of commuter suburbs in the Rockdale area.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The house is significant because of its historical association with Mr E J Gardiner former Mayor and Alderman Rockdale Council for 35 years.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is aesthetically significant as a large Federation detached house built in the Rockdale area and it makes a significant contribution to the streetscape of Oakura Street.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: The building is substantially intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I21805 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991425Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330103


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