Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 22 Walters Street, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
22 Walters StreetArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The house provides physical evidence of the early 20th century development of the 1884 Sydney View Estate. The Federation house contributes to the historic streetscape character of Walters Street. The building is a good representative example of a small Federation house with a front veranda under the main roof, in the Rockdale area.
Date significance updated: 26 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Federation face brick house called “Mimosa”. Intact timber columns and brackets to front veranda roof. Exposed rafters and Marseille tile hipped roof with gablet ventilator. Terracotta ridge capping and finials. The property retains its original tessellated tile path and veranda floor.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The dwelling is very intact and in good condition. The adjoining house at 24 Walters Street is identical to number 22 and is also intact and in good condition.
Date condition updated:30 May 10
Modifications and dates: BA-1995/236: ADDITION TO DWELLING SINGLE STOREY CLASS 1
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling


Historical notes: The subject property is part of land purchased at auction by James Pike in 1839. In 1840 Pike and his wife Anastasia sold his land to wool merchant and land speculator William Hirst (Rathbone 23-27). Hirst subdivided the land into rural allotments, creating Dowling Street, John Street, Hirst Street and Wentworth Street, and registered the subdivision as The Village of Arncliffe Estate. Owing to economic recession, few sales were made and in 1843 Hirst was declared insolvent. The following year his trustees again offered the Arncliffe Estate, comprising of 15 rural allotments between five and 10 acres, for sale. The land didn’t sell well. It eventually passed to well-known auctioneer Edward Salamon (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, p 47). The land of which the subject property forms a part was subdivided in 1884 as the Sydney View Estate. Walters Street was formed as a result of this subdivision. The exact date of construction and the earliest occupants have not been established, although the house was apparently built in the early 1900s. An Albert E Gray lived on the west side of Walters Street from c1907 until around 1916, in a house that may have been the subject building. In 1920 the occupant was Cray Burrell Kelly (Sands Directory). By c1923 the occupants were Charles and Amy Byatt. Charles Byatt (1882-1953) was born in Bathurst, NSW, the son of clerk John Byatt and his wife Mary. Charles was a coach painter and sapper in the 9th Field Engineers of the AIF; at the time he registered for service in WWI in 1917, he had already served as a voluntary officer for 15 years. Byatt was twice widowed while he lived in Bathurst; his first wife, Ada (nee Thompson, married in 1909), died in 1910; his second wife, Annie (nee West), whom he married in 1912, died in 1916 (NSW Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages). In Brightling-sea, Essex, in 1919, Byatt married Amy Fanny Reynolds, the 26-year-old daughter of a butcher. The couple lived at 1 High Street, Brightling-sea. The same year, Byatt completed a three-month course in motor repairs at the National School of Motoring in London, as part of a national repatriation scheme. (National Archives of Australia, Series B2455, BYATT C H). Upon returning to Australia, the couple moved into the subject house, where they remained until at least 1953 (‘Deaths’, SMH, 27 October 1953).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The house provides physical evidence of the early 20th century development of the 1884 Sydney View Estate.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Federation house contributes to the historic streetscape character of Walters Street.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
The building is a good representative example of a small Federation house with a front veranda under the main roof.
Integrity/Intactness: Dwelling is reasonably intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I5305 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330104

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