Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 193 Wollongong Road, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
193 Wollongong RoadArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The house once known as "Loch Marie", is historically significant as part of a largely Federation streetscape on Wollongong Road, one of the earliest roads in Rockdale. The house is aesthetically significant as part of a largely intact group of similar scale Federation houses with intact front gardens in one of Rockdale's. The building is a good representative example of a Federation house in Rockdale.
Date significance updated: 24 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Single storey brick Federation style dwelling with hipped metal tiled roof and two decorated projecting gables one facing the street and one the side with a wrap around corner veranda between. Bay windows with their own roofs within the gabled wings and a bay under the veranda on the chamfered corner of the building. The decorative timber veranda posts and brackets rest on a balustrade of brick balustrade accentuated with curves and darker coloured bull nosed bricks. The house name "Lipari is on the front wall next to a bulls eye window. The original chimneys are still extant and are half stucco half brick.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The dwelling is in excellent condition
Date condition updated:30 May 10
Modifications and dates: BA-1997/227: ADDITION TO DWELLING SINGLE STOREY CLASS 1a
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling


Historical notes: The subject property is part of land purchased at auction by Thomas Hill Bardwell in 1853. In 1881, brothers Thomas and Alexander Milsop each purchased adjacent 6-acre parcels of Bardwell’s land (Rathbone 49); together, the 12 acres were bounded by present-day Lorraine Street, Wolli Creek Road, Wollongong Road and Wilson’s Road. The brothers Milsop, of Protestant Irish stock, had been attracted to Australia in 1852 by the discovery of gold in Victoria. After failing to make their fortunes there or in New Zealand, they returned to NSW where they found their fortune on the Kurrajong Goldfield near Forbes. Alexander Milsop later became the first Mayor of Hurstville. On their two parcels of 6 acres each they erected two identical houses, Belmont and Fairview. Both houses are extant. In c1900, the land formerly belonging to Fairview (bounded by present-day Lorraine Street, Wilson’s Road, Wollongong Road and a division between it and the Belmont Estate to the west) was subdivided. The date of construction of the subject house is unknown, although it was likely between 1900 and 1910. The earliest owners and occupants are unknown. By c1914 the occupant was Robert J Ferguson, possibly a relation of Arthur Bruce Ferguson who lived next door at No.191. Ferguson named the house Loch Marie and lived there until at least 1930.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The house once known as "Loch Marie", is historically significant as part of a largely Federation streetscape on Wollongong Road, one of the earliest roads in Rockdale.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This dwelling is aesthetically significant as part of a streetscape formed by a grouping of 5 similar Federation- style bungalows with intact front gardens.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
The building is a very good representative example of a high-quality Federation - style house in Rockdale.
Integrity/Intactness: Dwelling is reasonably intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I6505 Jan 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330107

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