Group of houses | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Group of houses

Item details

Name of item: Group of houses
Other name/s: 25-Glocca Morra, 27-Bodiam, 29- ?, 31-Dunaverty, 33- Arundel, 37- Pevensey
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 25-33 and 37 Harrow Road, Bexley, NSW 2207
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
25-33 and 37 Harrow RoadBexleyRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

This group of substantial villa residences reflect the aspirations of the upper middle classes who chose the suburban respectability of the Ocean View Estate in the early 20th century. The group of houses are historically significant as being associated with Thomas Saywell developer of Brighton. They are also associated with the notable firm of architects Kenwood and Kerle. The houses are aesthetically significant as a group of distinctive Federation villa residences in Harrow Road. The grouping of architecturally designed quality Federation villas is rare in the Rockdale area. The houses are each excellent representative examples of Federation houses.

See also individual inventory sheets.
Date significance updated: 30 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Kenwood and Kerle Architects.
Construction years: 1894-1894
Physical description: Six freestanding Federation free style brick cottages with individual designs. One common feature of the group is the roof design behind the frontage. All the houses, with the exception of number 25, have double hipped roofs joined by a hip at the front which has then been made unique through the use of gables, verandas and bays. With the exception of 37 the group have face brick on their facades and part of the front side walls and then are rendered at the sides and rear.

"Pevenesey" 37 Harrow Road is located on the corner of Gladstone Street and its front facades face both Harrow and Gladstone Streets as well as the corner. The building is a face brick Federation free style house which has rendered and painted walls and an unsympathetic tile roof. A gable roof and wing faces each direction with a veranda interlinking the two front wings. The veranda roof has a timber valence and the roof rests upon four pairs of turned columns. The gable ends are rough cast stucco with crisscross battens.

"Arundel" 33 Harrow Road is a face brick Federation free style house featuring a half octagonal bay with a steep pitched roof and a gable bay at either end of a connecting veranda. The brick is two toned with red brick at all the front elevation corners and darker brick infill. Behind the front elevation the building is rendered. The bays above the veranda roof are rough cast stucco with crisscross battens.

31 Harrow Road is a Federation style house with face brick front and rendered sides and rear with a Marseille tile roof. It has a small south facing gable with chimney and a front veranda with brick columns supporting the veranda roof.

29 Harrow Road has a face brick front with brick supporting columns to the veranda and vermiculated stucco quoins at the two front corners and around the entrance opening. The roof is a double hip with an interconnecting ridge with a side facing and front facing gable. The front gable end is rough cast stucco with crisscross battens.

"Bodiam" 27 Harrow Road is a face brick Federation free style house with a double hipped slate roof with an interconnecting ridge and a front projecting gable and a small turret above the front entrance. The brick work is two toned and there are vermiculated stucco quoins on the corners. Beyond the chimney the walls are rendered. The projecting gable wing defines the end of the front veranda.

25 Harrow Road is a face brick Federation free style house with a terracotta tile roof. It has a single hipped roof with a front facing gable in one corner and a oblique front facing gable in the other. The veranda between the two gables has a timber valence and is supported on timber posts. The brick work is two toned highlighting string courses and corners. As with the others in the group the building is rendered beyond the fa├žade.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Each house is in good condition.
Date condition updated:18 Jun 10
Modifications and dates: Number 33 -
DA-1999/862: Alterations and additions to dwelling, new carport, garden shed, and in ground pool.
DA-2006/120 : Alterations and Additions to Existing Dwelling, Pergola, Carport and Relocation of Approved Swimming Pool
DA-2006/120/A : S.96 Application - Modifications to Windows and Deck Materials, Relocation of Pool Equipment Housing, Extension of Deck Roof and Carport

Number 25 -
DA2004/1136A: Amended Plans - Alterations and additions to existing dwelling, alterations to existing out building, In-ground swimming pool and decking.

Number 27 -
DA1992/285: s: Extensions to dwelling;
BA-1992/501- ADDITION TO DWELLING SECOND STOREY CLASS I

Number 37 was probably face brick originally and has since been rendered.
Current use: Dwellings
Former use: Dwellings

History

Historical notes: The land on which these dwellings are built was first granted to James Chandler on the 19th October 1831 by Governor Brisbane (1300 acres).
The land was first auctioned as the Ocean View Estate on the third March 1883.
The business partnership of Kenwood and Kerle, architects and consulting engineers, were Saywell's architects. They designed the Brighton tramway, the " New Brighton Hotel " and swimming baths, as well as constructing the North Bulli ocean jetty at Saywell's mine. William Kenwood, born at Hastings, England, settled in Sydney in 1878 and joined the partnership with Kerle in 1882, the latter having migrated from London a year earlier. Mr. Kenwood, who died in 1931 aged 74, was a prominent member of the St. George Bowling Club.
Between Monomeeth and Gladstone Street , on the western side of Harrow Road, Saywell erected a number of villa residences which are still standing. Their architecture reflects the substantial suburban respectability which was so much a feature of early family homes whilst their names, e.g., "Bodiam" , "Pevensey", "Arundel", are evidence that they were the work of William Kenwood, for these Sussex place names all belong to the vicinity of his birthplace, Hastings.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages On the Urban Fringe - Villas-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This group of substantial villa residences reflect the aspirations of the upper middle classes who chose the suburban respectability of the Ocean View Estate in the early 20th century.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The group of houses are historically significant as being associated with Thomas Saywell developer of Brighton. They are also associated with the notable firm of architects Kenwood and Kerle.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The houses are aesthetically significant as a group of distinctive Federation villa residences in Harrow Road.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criteria
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criteria
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The grouping of architecturally designed quality Federation villas is rare in the Rockdale area.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The houses are each excellent representative examples of Federation houses.
Integrity/Intactness: The houses are all quite intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I14305 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  25 Aug 00 109 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study199130Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenW. R. Rathbone1986Rockdale, Its Beginning and Development

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330111


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.