House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

House

Item details

Name of item: House
Other name/s: Brick House, Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 8 Kembla Street, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8 Kembla StreetArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The house originally called "Wallendham" is historically significant as part of the early development of the Sydney View Estate. The house is aesthetically significant as a two storey Federation detached house that makes an important contribution to the streetscape of Kembla Street. The building is a good representative example of a two storey detached Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Date significance updated: 24 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1902-1902
Physical description: Two storey Federation house with symmetrical facade and cast iron decoration to verandas. Tuck-pointed face brick to front façade one side elevation has been painted. Chimney is c. 1905 Federation in style. The building has a hipped slate roof and the front veranda is two storey with a bull nosed corrugated metal roof. On the ground floor front elevation the two pairs of double hung sash windows are located in brick bays either side of the centrally located front door which has side lights and fanlights.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The dwelling is in good condition.
Date condition updated:18 Jun 10
Modifications and dates: There is an addition at the rear.
BA-1997/662 - Outbuilding Shed Class 10
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: The subject property is part of land purchased at auction by James Pike in 1839. In 1840 Pike and his wife Anastasia sold his land to wool merchant and land speculator William Hirst (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, pp 23-27). Hirst subdivided the land into rural allotments, creating Dowling Street, John Street, Hirst Street and Wentworth Street, and registered the subdivision as The Village of Arncliffe Estate. Owing to economic recession, few sales were made and in 1843 Hirst was declared insolvent. The following year his trustees again offered the Arncliffe Estate, comprising of 15 rural allotments between five and 10 acres, for sale. The land didn’t sell well. It eventually passed to well-known auctioneer Edward Salamon (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, p 47). The land of which the subject property forms a part was subdivided in 1884 as the Sydney View Estate. Kembla Street was also created as part of this subdivision, although it appears that sale of allotments was slow, as Kembla Street didn’t appear in the Sands Directory until after 1900. The subject property was built on Lots 30 & 31 of Section 2 of the Sydney View Estate. The house was built for John Joseph Nichols, a railway worker in the locomotive department, in c1902 (Sands Directory). He named the house Wallendham and lived there until his death in 1909 (‘Funerals’, SMH, 8 March 1909). His son, John Joseph Nichols jnr, lived next door in a house called Merridong until his father’s death. By c1915, James and Mary Henderson lived at the house, which they named Lidsdale. (Births, SMH, 17 March 1917). James John Henderson was a Rockdale alderman. Henderson still lived at the place at the time of his death in 1943 (‘Deaths’, SMH 30 April 1943).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Village community to commuter suburb - Housing-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The house originally called "Wallendham" is historically significant as part of the early development of the Sydney View Estate.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The house has association with James John Henderson who was a Rockdale alderman.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This dwelling is aesthetically significant as a two storey Federation detached house that makes an important contribution to the streetscape of Kembla Street.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a two storey detached Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: The building appears to be largely intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I3305 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  25 Aug 00 109 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991105Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330115


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