Californian Bungalow house | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Californian Bungalow house

Item details

Name of item: Californian Bungalow house
Other name/s: Federation Style. Semi Detached
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Cottage
Primary address: 12 Mitchell Street, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
12 Mitchell StreetArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

This house is significant as part of a streetscape showing the architectural development in Rockdale from the late 19th and early 20th century and forms as important edge to Arncliffe Park. The semi-detached house is historically significant as part of the Grand View Estate which was auctioned in 1885. The building is a good representative example of a Federation style semi -detached house in the Rockdale area.
Date significance updated: 24 Aug 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1900-
Physical description: Substantially intact single storey Federation duplex. Hipped slate roof with terracotta ridge capping and finials. Projecting gable roof at the front with boarded infill panel over projecting bay window. The bay window has different detailing to the rest of the building which suggests it may have been altered. The face brick facade has had red lead wash. The front veranda and the side veranda indicate two entrances to the building which are original to the building and suggest the building was always a duplex. Building retains its original chimneys, including chimney pots. The building is paired with 12A Mitchell Street.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building needs maintenance.
Date condition updated:14 Apr 10
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: The subject property is part of land purchased at auction by James Pike in 1839. In 1840 Pike and his wife Anastasia sold his land to wool merchant and land speculator William Hirst (Rathbone 23-27). Hirst subdivided the land into rural allotments, creating Dowling Street, John Street, Hirst Street and Wentworth Street, and registered the subdivision as The Village of Arncliffe Estate. Owing to economic recession, few sales were made and in 1843 Hirst was declared insolvent. The following year his trustees again offered the Arncliffe Estate, comprising of 15 rural allotments between five and 10 acres, for sale. The land didn’t sell well. It eventually passed to well-known auctioneer Edward Salamon (Rathbone 47). The land of which the subject property forms a part was later subdivided and auctioned as the Grand View Estate in 1885. Although the subject house was probably extant by the early 1900s, it has not yet been established for whom the house was built and by whom it was occupied in its early years. From c1917 to c1927 the house was occupied by the family of Robert Tinsley, an Irishman from Mossley, county Antrim, Ireland. Tinsley married Ellen Baggaley, a native of Stoke-on-Trent, England, at St David’s Church in Rockdale in 1915 (‘Marriages’, SMH, 20 march 1915). During the period of their occupation the Tinsleys named the subject house Mossley, after Robert’s birthplace (Sands Directory). By 1933 Mrs Jane Leary lived at the house.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Village community to commuter suburb - Housing-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The semi-detached house is historically significant as part of the Grand View Estate which was auctioned in 1885.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is aesthetically significant as a largely intact Federation semi, which forms part of a streetscape showing the architectural development in Rockdale from the late 19th and early 20th century and which forms an important edge to Arncliffe Park.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
This dwelling is a rare example of a Federation semi in the Rockdale area.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a Federation style semi -detached house in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: The building is largely intact with a part of the original slate roof and some original features. The original bay window has been altered.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I3905 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991332Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330140


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