Banbury Cottage | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Banbury Cottage

Item details

Name of item: Banbury Cottage
Other name/s: Victorian Style, Farm House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Cottage
Primary address: 23 Chandler Street, Rockdale, NSW 2216
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
23 Chandler StreetRockdaleRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The cottage now known as Banbury Cottage is historically very significant as evidence of the original rural settlement in the Rockdale area. Occupied by the market gardeners who farmed the adjacent gardens the property was part of an early agricultural enterprise. Banbury Cottage is aesthetically significant as a rare surviving Victorian farm cottage which contributes to the historic character of the City of Rockdale.
Date significance updated: 27 Sep 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Single storey painted brick cottage. Gabled roof covered with corrugated iron. Decorated barge boards on each end. It has been painted with a mural and adapted for use as a child care facility. There is a large shade structure in the front yard obscuring the building from the street.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Dwelling is in reasonable condition but painted unsympathetically.
Date condition updated:11 Aug 10
Modifications and dates: DA-1997/253 ALT.& ADD. TO HERITAGE COTTAGE AND USE AS LONG DAY CHILD CARE CENTRE-38 CHILDREN (7am - 7pm)
BA-1999/4 RESTORATIONS TO EXISTING HERITAGE COTTAGE
DA-1997/253/A Increase number of children to 46,increase number of staff to 7 & change external finishes
DA-2001/51 S.96 TO INCREASE NUMBER OF CHILDREN TO 58 AND TO AMEND HOURS TO INCLUDE SATURDAYS
Current use: Child day care centre
Former use: Farm House, suburban dwelling

History

Historical notes: The subject property is part of 1200 acres granted by Governor Brisbane to merchant James Chandler in 1831. The subject cottage was built in the 19th century, many decades before Chandler Street was formed for the family of Thomas Mascord or his son Edwin, prominent market gardeners in the area. By the 1930s Chandler Street was still only a very short cul-de-sac, extending only the length of a few houses from the Princes Highway (see HEC Robinson, Rockdale [cartographic material] 1930-1939, NLA MAP F 179 ; F 180) and the land between Cairo Street and Beach Street was still worked for market gardening by Edwin and Thomas Mascord (Sands Directory - see Beach Street listings). Chandler Street was not listed in the Sands Directory in 1920, but in 1930, Mrs Amelia M Mascord (nee Gunthorpe), the widow of Edwin Mascord, was the listed occupant (Sands Directory).

Before the construction of the Illawarra Railway, Rockdale was a semi-rural area of market gardens,
orchards, piggeries, boiling down establishments and the like. In the West Botany (Kogarah/Rockdale)
area the length of Muddy Creek was dotted with such small farms. One of the pioneer settlers who
established a farm in the area later known as Rockdale was Thomas Mascord, born at Banbury,
Oxfordshire in 1822 and arriving in Australia in 1848. In 1857 Mascord settled first at Spring Street,
Rockdale before buying land at Kogarah. This land he later sold to developers, anticipating the construction of the Illawarra Railway. At some time before or during 1868, Mascord selected a tract of
land (originally part of James Chandler's grant of 1,200 acres) near the point where Muddy Creek crossed the bush track known as Rocky Point Road. In a Primary Application (No 2191) for conversion to Torrens Title, dated 14 December 1868, Mascord stated that: the said land is occupied by me. On this gently sloping site, Mascord erected a simple brick cottage facing the alignment of Rocky Point Road (Princes Highway). Named Banbury after his place of birth, it was to be home to four generations of Mascords and their descendants. Thomas Mascord was an active and well known member of the community. He was a member of the Rocky Point Road Trust until its abolition in 1879 and a Trustee of the West Botany Wesleyan Church. With the coming of the Illawarra Railway there was a surge of development. Farming areas, with ready access to rail transport, were subdivided and sold for residential or commercial purposes. Farming, however, continued in those areas less favourably located which included most of the properties lining Muddy Creek. In spite of the boom in real estate between Federation and World War One, much of this land remained unattractive to developers and home buyers alike. Photographs of this area of Rockdale c 1910 show a scattering of small cottages and little else. After the death of Thomas Mascord in 1913, his youngest son, Edwin, assumed the management of the property. Edwin, born in 1859, was a well known sportsman and Secretary of the West Botany Cricket Club until 1885. After World War One, another surge in growth created greater demands for land. It was during this period that much of the remaining small farms and market gardens in the Rockdale and Kogarah areas were subdivided for residential development. Following Edwin's death in 1924, most of the Mascord property was sold for housing lots. Rows of California bungalows were erected along the newly created Chandler Street. Stanley Mascord, Edwin's son, continued to farm a remaining parcel of 5 acres located near what was in the early 1960s to become Southside Plaza hopping Centre. The land on which Banbury Cottage stands was reduced to the size of a double housing lot, the 1920s subdivisions causing the front verandah of the cottage to face the side fence of No 21 Chandler Street. Until December 1994, the house continued to be occupied by descendants of the Mascords. Thomas' (Edwin's third youngest child), Mrs Gladys O'Reilly lived there with her daughter, Miss Helen O'Reilly. Mrs O'Reilly died in December 1994 after having spent nearly all
of her ninety years at Banbury Cottage (for a brief period after her marriage she lived on a nearby property).(Register of the National Estate)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Winding road and farmhouse. Rural Settlement-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The cottage now known as Banbury Cottage is historically very significant as evidence of the original rural settlement in the Rockdale area. Likelty occupied by the market gardeners who farmed the adjacent gardens the property was part of a substantial agricultural enterprise.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The cottage has association with Thomas Mascord or his son Edwin, prominent market gardeners.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Banbury Cottage is aesthetically significant as a Victorian farm cottage which contributes to the historic character of the area.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The property has the potential to reveal more about the farm and the people associated with it.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Banbury Cottage is a rare nineteenth century farm cottage surviving in the Rockdale area.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of Victorian farm cottage in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: This building is substantially intact although has been modified by internal alterations for use as a day care centre.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I20905 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  25 Aug 05   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study199173Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330220


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