Gladstone and Wentworth | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Gladstone and Wentworth

Item details

Name of item: Gladstone and Wentworth
Other name/s: Victorian Style. Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 134-136 Forest Road, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
134-136 Forest RoadArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The semi detached houses called Gladstone and Wentworth, are aesthetically significant as fine Victorian houses prominent on the Forest Road ridgeline and making an important contribution to the historic character of Arncliffe. They are highly intact and technically accomplished examples of grand semi-detached Victorian houses. Gladstone and Wentworth are historically significant as evidence of the late 19th century development which took place along Forest Road and have association with speculative builder Robert William Newell.
Date significance updated: 07 Sep 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Robert Newell
Construction years: 1886-1886
Physical description: Pair of large ornate two storey Victorian semi-detached houses. Gable roofs covered with slate. Verandas and balconies with cast iron balustrades, posts and brackets. Spear picket palisade front fence on stone base.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The dwellings are in excellent condition.
Date condition updated:11 Aug 10
Modifications and dates: DA-1987/274 ADDITIONS TO SUNROOM, LAUNDRY AND GARAGE
DA-1991/30 GARAGE
DA-2000/453 LAND CONSOLIDATION AND SUBDIVISION TO CREATE TWO NEW ALLOTMENTS
Current use: Dwelling/Apartments
Former use: Dwelling

History

Historical notes: The land on which this dwelling stands was first auctioned to Robert Cassels Oliphant (who immediately sold it to Lewis Gordon) in 1854. The large, two-storey, semi-detached houses at 134 and 136 Forest Road were built c1888 by Hurstville speculative builder Robert William Newell, with the intention of leasing them to wealthy tenants. (Rathbone, A Village Called Arncliffe, p 78). Gladstone was apparently built for William M Mills, the first occupant, while Wentworth was leased to Charles McAlister in 1889 (NSW State Heritage Register). In 1890 J Young leased Gladstone while politician Thomas Thompson Ewing, later Sir Thomas Ewing, leased Wentworth (G. P. Walsh, 'Ewing, Sir Thomas Thomson (1856 - 1920)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, Melbourne University Press, 1981, p. 455.). By 1893 Gladstone was occupied by Newell’s daughter Agnes and son-in-law Thomas G Kidd, while Thomas Hall leased Wentworth. From 1897 to 1907 the houses enjoyed a more consistent occupancy, with another daughter, Louisa, and her husband William J Clarke in Gladstone, and Newell himself in Wentworth. For a few years from 1911 Newell was the only listed occupant, but by 1917 the houses were occupied as apartments, with more than one occupant per house listed in the directory. Occupants from 1917 included Mrs E G Pearson, Frank Dyson, Frank R Spender, Ernest Claridge, Jack Benjamin, Arthur Buckley and Newell’s unmarried daughter Eva. By 1930, the houses were in use as boarding houses with a live-in caretaker ('Advertisements', SMH, 10 July 1930). In 1941, the caretaker (one MacKenzie), placed an advertisement in the newspaper seeking 20 iron beds ('Advertisements', SMH, 28 June 1941). In 1943 it was advertised as 'High Class Accommodation, good table, hot & cold showers, billiards, large grounds, nicely furnished' ('Advertisements', SMH 9 February 1943). The house continued to be used for this purpose until at least 1950.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages On the Urban Fringe - Villas-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Gladstone and Wentworth are historically significant as evidence of the late 19th century development which took place along Forest Road.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Gladstone and Wentworth have association with speculative builder Robert William Newell.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The semi detached houses are aesthetically significant as fine Victorian houses prominent on the Forest Road ridgeline and making an important contribution to the historic character of Arncliffe. They are highly intact and technically acomplished examples of Victorian houses.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Gladstone and Wentworth are excellent representative examples of large Victorian semi-detached houses.
Integrity/Intactness: Gladstone and Wentworth are highly intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  25 Aug 05   
Local Environmental PlanRockdale LEP 2011I2505 Dec 11   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991229Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenR.W. Rathbone1997A Village Called Arncliffe

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330229


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