Albion Park Rail Cemetery | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Albion Park Rail Cemetery

Item details

Name of item: Albion Park Rail Cemetery
Other name/s: Croom Cemetery; General Cemetery
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Cemeteries and Burial Sites
Category: Cemetery/Graveyard/Burial Ground
Primary address: 61 Croome Road, Albion Park Rail , NSW 2527
Parish: Terragong
County: Camden
Local govt. area: Shellharbour
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
61 Croome RoadAlbion Park Rail ShellharbourTerragongCamdenPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The Albion Park Cemetery (formerly Croom Cemetery) has strong local historic significance. Interred within are district pioneers, including former Mayor John Fraser, who instigated the cemetery's beginnings. A monument erected in the cemetery by the community, honours his civic services.

Monuments and headstones date from the early 1900s and throughout 20th century. They are of varied style and display fine monumental mason craftsmanship.

The cemetery has research value providing information about 20th century burial practices and genealogical data.
Date significance updated: 11 Jan 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1900-
Physical description: Contains varied types of grave monuments and surrounds, including upright slabs, desk style headstones, pedestals and sculptures.

The landscape includes special plantings and grassed lawns. Graves date from 1901 through to the 21st century.
Date condition updated:12 Jun 15
Current use: Cemetery
Former use: Cemetery

History

Historical notes: Officially named Albion Park Cemetery, locals know it by its former name; Croom Cemetery.

The cemetery was established in 1900 at the instigation of then Mayor, John Fraser. John Fraser was the son of clearing lease pioneer Alexander Fraser. John Fraser garnered the support of the community for the establishment of a cemetery, and the site along Croome Road was set aside for the purpose. The site was fenced and pine trees were planted.

John Fraser passed away the same year and was the first person to be buried in the cemetery. A monument erected in honour of his many services to the community, was unveiled by Archibald Campbell MP and remains a focal point in the cemetery.

The cemetery remains open and is managed by Shellharbour City Council.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Birth and Death-Activities associated with the initial stages of human life and the bearing of children, and with the final stages of human life and disposal of the dead. Six Feet Under-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
History relates to continual use since its establishment in 1900. Interred are many well known district pioneers and their families.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Local historic associations with John Fraser, fromer Mayor of Shellharbour and many other local pioneers.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
An aesthetically pleasing place with varied monumental masonry showing excellent local craftsmanship. The focal point is the monument to John Fraser.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
High social values as evidence of 20th century burial customs, and noted in several research douments and publications.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
High local research as an important genealogical resource and for providing information on 20th century burial practices.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Representative of a 20th century cemetery, displaying the burial practices of the time.
Integrity/Intactness: Fairly intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

* National Trust of Australia (NSW) cemteries guidelines * A Conservation Management Plan (CMP) should be undertaken for each cemetery and revised every 5 years, and containing policies dealing with e.g. no wiper-snipper around headstones, maintenance of soft lead lettering, land subsidance, historic trees and landscaping, views and vistas, types of skilled trades, (lead, wrought iron, monumental stone masons, etc), activation of archaeological permits under Heritage Act, relics provisions * Any Plan of Management should contain a heritage section based on the CMP , and specify very clearly what 'works' may be undertaken as being 'exempt', such as ground maintenance, care of graves, etc but with specific conditions under which 'works' may occur e.g. use of wiper-snipers, poison near historic roses, etc * Information about interments are highly sought after by a variety of groups and persons, and not necessarily restricted to the last two centuries. Notice should place at each cemetery where such information may be obtained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanShellharbour LEP 2013I01705 Apr 13   
Local Environmental PlanShellharbour LEP 2000AR202 Jun 00   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Shellharbour European Heritage Study1995APR 2.2Shellharbour Council  No
Illawarra Regional Heritage Study Review19945Department of Planning  Yes
European Heritage Study uni report inc original photographs1993 Julia Kaul  No
Shellharbour Heritage Study2004 A Humphreys & A London  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenIllawarra Family History Group1989Cemeteries of Albion Park and District
WrittenTamara Hynd2004Historic and Archaeological Map: Shellharbour City 1830 - 1930

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2380017
File number: 2


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.