Former Schoolmaster's Italianate style Brick Residence and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Former Schoolmaster's Italianate style Brick Residence and Garden

Item details

Name of item: Former Schoolmaster's Italianate style Brick Residence and Garden
Other name/s: Former Cambewarra School Principal's Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: Tannery Road, Cambewarra Village, NSW 2540
County: CAMDEN
Local govt. area: Shoalhaven


Original primary school bdy: Lot 1 &2 DP 850699; lot 2 DP 839145
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Tannery RoadCambewarra VillageShoalhavenILLAROO CAMDEN Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Good example of late nineteenth century Federation period Victorian Italianate residence. Historical interest as former school residence, designed by William Edmund Kemp for the Governments Architects Office. Attractively detailed and essentially unaltered. Local significance (Shoalhaven).
Date significance updated: 29 Sep 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Government Architect W E Kemp
Builder/Maker: Fred Moore
Construction years: 1891-1891
Physical description: Federation period Victorian Italianate brick residence. Asymmetrical facade with gabled projection and verandah beside. Low pitched gabled corrugated iron roof. Carved timber bargeboards with finial. Boxed in apex to gable. Rectangular bay beneath gable, with hipped iron hood. Skillion roofed verandah with chamfered timber posts. Moulded string course around bay window at sill level. Double hung windows.
Modifications and dates: Some renewal of fabric. Brickwork has been painted. Old style screen door to entrance. Modern wire fence.
Further information: Historical Period:1876-1900
Current use: Residence
Former use: Schoolmaster's residence


Historical notes: The new brick school residence built in 1891 for £760 was designed by William Edmund Kemp, Government Architect. The tender was let to Tory & Fraser, but when Fraser left the district, the work was completed by Fred Moore. Kemp also designed schools at Meroo Meadow and Jasper's Creek. William Kemp (1831-1895) was the son of an English born architect/ builder who had settled at Stroud near Newcastle. In 1849 Kemp was indentured to the architect Edmund Blacket and in 1852 accepted a post at the Colonial Architect's Office. Kemp did not take up the position and joined the Partnership of Springett & Kemp at Windsor. Later Kemp moved to the Colonial Architect's Office and but returned to private practice and formed the partnership of Weaver & Kemp. Kemp returned to the Colonial Architect's Office in 1875 then under the direction of Barnett. In 1880 Sir John Robertson decided to place all schools under one department head and appointed Kemp to the post.

This residence was the third on the site. The first two-roomed residence had been erected in 1859 and in 1883 when the new school building was erected the old school room was converted to a residence and the original residence demolished. After the new brick residence was completed the old (former school building) was dismantled and materials sold for £8/10/-.

In 1935 minor work was carried out but in 1939 the residence had a thorough overhaul which cost £219.

Major renovations were carried out on the residence in 1980-81. The iron roof, gutters and plumbing were replaced and the building was repainted inside and out, using the original colour scheme.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item is of historical significance as the third, school residence built in 1891 that was designed by William Edmund Kemp, Government Architect.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The place has associations with William Edmund Kemp (1831-1898) the head of the schools department in the Colonial Architect's Office
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a modest example of a Federation period, Victorian Italianate brick residence that was was designed by architect, William Edmund Kemp.
SHR Criteria g)
This item is assessed as aesthetically representative at a State level. This item is assessed as historically representative at a State level. This item is assessed as socially representative at a State level.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:


Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP)07 May 12


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental Plan  11 Apr 86   
Local Environmental Plan  13 Apr 07   
Local Environmental PlanShoalhaven LEP 201415922 Apr 14   
Heritage studyCambewarra School Principles residence FmrB129   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Shoalhaven City Council Heritage Study 1995-19981998B129Peter Freeman Pty Ltd12/7/1995 RH Study: Y Yes
Illawarra Region Historic Buildings and Sites1981 Ann Croston Ali  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenA C Ali1981Illawarra Region Historic Buildings and Sites
WrittenAlan Clark Cambewarra, A History.

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2390180

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