Springwell | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Springwell
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: House
Primary address: 1551 Maffra Road, The Brothers, NSW 2630
Local govt. area: Snowy River
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1551 Maffra RoadThe BrothersSnowy RiverJILLIMATONGBERESFORDPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Pioneer grazier James Litchfield built at Springwell in 1858 and it was one of Monaro's early selections. The homestead was first constructed in 1896 and completed in 1907 to the design of GD Cochran. The building, which displays quality late Victorian architectural detailing that has been little altered over the years, is set in pleasure garden with mature plantings, tennis court and tennis pavilion. It is representative of substantial Monaro homesteads built at the end of the Victorian period.
Date significance updated: 07 Mar 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: GD Cochran 1896 & 1907/8
Builder/Maker: Arthur Mawson 1906
Construction years: 1858-
Physical description: Single storey brick homestead with front verandah and side verandah partly in-filled as a sun room. The pitched roof is corrugated iron and surmounted by a number of tall chimney stacks. The main building with side and rear sections form a U shaped courtyard. The main facade has bay windows on each side and the verandah follows their form. The verandah balustrade has crossed timbers and turned posts and decorative brackets. The verandah is approached by a few steps to a marble landing and then the stairs veer left and right. The house is set in pleasure gardens with mature plantings, tennis court, tennis pavilion and meat house. Behind the house are stables, a forge and workshop, other outbuildings and a garage (cement block).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:06 Mar 11
Modifications and dates: The main section of the homestead was built by Arthur Mawson to the design of GD Cochran in 1896 and later additions in 1908.
Current use: Farm Buildings


Historical notes: Springwell was the original 1862 selection of James Litchfield and it is believed that the cottage now on the adjoining property along with the shearing shed was his first dwelling believed to have been built in 1858. James Litchfield left Springwell in 1883 to reside on Hazeldean. In 1891 Litchfield divided his properties amongst his sons, handing over Springwell to OC Litchfield. In the 1896 OC Litchfield asked architect GD Cochran to design a 'cottage residence'. Its likely that it was built by Cooma builder Arthur Mawson. The bricks were made on the place. More than ten years later, 1908, Cochran designed an addition which was a mirror image of the original house. Whether this had been planned in 1896 or not is unknown. The property remained in Litchfield ownership until 2009 when the property was subdivided and the homestead on 120ha was sold to a new owner. The woolshed and original 1858 house remained on the larger portion and was amalgamated with the neigbouring property Jillamatong.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building in brick-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Pioneer selector James Litchfield built his first house at Springwell in 1858 near the banks of the Jillamatong Creek. In 1862 James Litchfield was registered as the licensee of Springwell and from there he extended his occupation resulting in a very Monaro pastoral holding.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
At Springwell James Litchfield established the Hazeldean sheep stud, still known today as one of Australia's major sheep breeding lines.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Springwell homestead, designed by local architect GD Cochran, has a graceful elegance with distinctive late Victorian detailing. Its architectural character has been retained over is lifetime.
SHR Criteria f)
It is rare for a Monaro homestead to have such quality Victorian architectural elements and rare to have such architectural integrity.
SHR Criteria g)
Representative of 19th century Monaro homesteads.
Integrity/Intactness: Very good
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanAmend No 15712 May 00  4053
Local Environmental Plan I19713 Dec 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Snowy River Heritage Study19983.08Tropman & Tropman  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1910The Pastoral Homes of Australia

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2410076

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