Bobundara | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Bobundara

Item details

Name of item: Bobundara
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Homestead Complex
Primary address: 3061 Maffra Road, Bobundara, NSW 2630
Parish: MYALLA
County: WALLACE
Local govt. area: Snowy River
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
3061 Maffra RoadBobundaraSnowy RiverMYALLAWALLACEPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Bobundara was first selected in 1831 and still retains tangible evidence of that era in the form of the original stone kitchen block and two slab huts which have been incorporated into the homestead. The property was one of Monaro's major pastoral holdings until it was subdivided under the Solider Settlement Scheme. The homestead has evolved over many decades but is architecturally true to its Victorian past as is its garden setting. Buildings dating from the 1830s are very rare on Monaro as is the substantial steading, which may be unique in NSW. The farm complex is representative of Victorian Monaro pastoral enterprises which have evolved over centuries and the steading is a good example of the Monaro tradition of building in stone.
Date significance updated: 23 Jan 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Herb Mawson, steading
Construction years: 1835-
Physical description: The single storey homestead is built of stone, slab and weatherboards around a U shaped courtyard with covered walkway to link the buildings. The corrugated iron roof has a main gable with fretwork barge boards and the front and side verandahs have decorative brackets . The house is set in extensive pleasure gardens with many mature plantings, some dating from at least the mid 19th century, and a tennis court. Originally the substantial stone steading comprised barn, stables, feed room, harness room, five bedrooms, store room and separate kitchen and bathroom blocks. The kitchen block survives although one wall has been removed and steading is reasonably intact although some interior walls have been removed. The shearers' quarters have now been converted to a cottage. There is a small cemetery in a paddock with five graves.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:18 Jan 12
Current use: Dwelling, farm buildings, cemetery

History

Historical notes: The first recording of Bobundara was by John Lhotsky at the beginning of 1834 when he notes that James Styles was grazing 700 cattle on the property and had been doing so since late 1831. Wells Gazetteer of the Australian Colonies 1848, p60, records 'Bobundera. The station of J R Styles, in the district of Maneroo, NSW'. It would seem that Styles built the two room stone kitchen and two slab huts, one a dairy, the other a bedroom in the late 1830s, all extant. In 1849 a letter from the Surveyor General states that Charles Wright had applied for the Bobundara lease of 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) where he was already running 400 cattle and 2,000 sheep. During the 1850s Wright built two more slab huts, a bedroom and office and a separate laundry (all now demolished). During the 1880s the two original slab buildings were joined by a Gothic style weatherboard building comprising more bedrooms and a living room. Charles Wright's daughter, Martha, married John Kiss but in 1875 she, her son and a young woman died from 'black fever' and were buried in the cemetery. In 1883 Kiss sold to Willbraham Edwards who then sold to the Sellar Bros in 1896. During the Federation period many official government parties visited Bobundara. The steading was built in 1903 by Herb Mawson for Australia's biggest lucerne producer of the era, the Sellar Bros. The stone came from the Woolpack Inn, originally built by Charles Wright, at the old settlement of Bobundara. In 1926 Sellars sold to the Australian and New Zealand Land Company. In 1948 the property was subdivided under the Soldier Settlement Scheme and the shearing shed and part of the shearers' quarters demolished. The present owners bought the property in 1985 and about 1990 extended the homestead with a weatherboard day room/kitchen.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Lucerne cropping-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Sheep and cattle grazing-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building in stone-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building in weatherboard-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Bobundara, selected in late 1831, is one of the earliest runs on Monaro. It has a rich agricultural and pastoral history, remaining a dominant enterprise in the local economy until its subdivision for the Soldier Settlement Scheme in 1948.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Bobundara homestead, displaying mid to late Victorian architectural detailing, is set in extensive pleasure gardens which have retained their original 19th century cottage garden character. Mature trees dating from the early Victorian era, such as several types of elms, Chinese photinia, plum trees etc. and the garden layout are tangible evidence of gardening practices, styles and plantings
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Buildings from the 1830s, particularly slab, are rare in the district and have probably survived because they were incorporated into the evolving homestead. The steading is considered to be particularly rare as only one other, much smaller example, on Monaro has been identified, and no other known in the state.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Bobundara farm complex is representative of Monaro farm complexes which have evolved over 180 years to meet the changing demands of pastoral life. It also represents the Monaro tradition of building in stone.
Integrity/Intactness: Good
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I8613 Dec 13   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Snowy River Heritage Study19983.20Tropman & Tropman  Yes
After the Slab & Bark Huts1990 Suzannah Plowman  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1926Back to Cooma Celebrations
WrittenAlan EJ Andres1998Earliest Monaro 1790-1840
WrittenLauri Neal1976Cooma Country
WrittenThe Heraldry & Genealogy Society Canberrra2002Monaro Monumental Inscriptions
WrittenVarious1999Cooma 150 Years On

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2410231


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