Terrace Group "Belgrave Terrace" Including Interiors | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Terrace Group "Belgrave Terrace" Including Interiors

Item details

Name of item: Terrace Group "Belgrave Terrace" Including Interiors
Other name/s: Belgrave Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 238-252 Forbes Street, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
238-252 Forbes StreetDarlinghurstSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Belgrave Terrace dates from the key period of development of Darlinghurst as a direct result of subdivision of the Riley Estate. It is a good example of an altered substantial mid Victorian terrace, with Edwardian alterations, on a prominent corner site, which makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 01 Dec 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: 1914 Alterations: Architect Rutledge Louat
Builder/Maker: John Carney builder 1858
Construction years: 1854-1858
Physical description: The building is a grand group of eight 3 storey Victorian terraces located on a prominent corner site. The building is constructed of painted sandstone, rendered brickwork with timber windows and timber doors. The detailed parapet has some classical motifs cornices and detailing but has been altered and screens a simple corrugated metal skillion roof form.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
In good condition with a high degree of original fabric intact and high potential for restoration.
Modifications and dates: The orginal upper level verandahs were removed when substantial alterations were made to the building in 1914. The alterations also included the bay windows at first floor level on the southern end of the building overlooking Burton Street, and the shingled awnings.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. With European occupation of the Sydney region from 1788 , the Cadigal and Wangal people were largely decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

The first land grant in the area was 100 acres on Woolloomooloo Bay granted to Commissary John Palmer in 1793. Palmers grant was immediately East of Sydney Common Grounds. To the east, a group of smaller grants were made to important colonists by Governor Darling for private residences. These included Edward Deas Thomson’s "Barham" and James Laidley’s "Rosebank", both believed to be designed by John Verge, in the area between Darlinghurst Road and Bourke Street. Palmer built his residence at Woolloomooloo in 1801. As a farmer and grazier Palmer was a success and he subsequently became one of the pre-eminent land and stock holders in the colony. Palmer added to his holdings by purchasing farms in Surry Hills. He held the position of Commissary General until 1808 after which he returned to England to face an inquiry into the Rum Rebellion. While abroad, Palmer leased his land to Alexander Riley. On arrival back to Australia in May 1814 he found himself in increasing debt.

Upon his return, in order to meet his debts, Palmer sold his Woolloomooloo Estate to Ann Riley, Edward Riley’s wife, in 1822. When Edward suicided in 1825, the Estate was tied up with two conflicting wills. After years of litigation, the Riley Estate was eventually divided into seven parcels of land of equal value and raffled amongst the heirs. The Commission appointed to oversee this subdivision needed to create streets that would divide up the seven portfolios of blocks. This task was complicated by the Commission’s desire to confirm T.L. Mitchell’s plan for the streets within the bounds of the Riley Estate - especially Crown and Bourke Streets. The streets within the Riley Estate, including Crown Street, were finally proclaimed in 1848.

Beneficiaries of Riley’s Estate subdivided their blocks from the 1840s. Development intensified with the gold rushes of the 1850s/ 1860s. Subdivision of the smaller residential grants to the east occurred after the Riley Estate was developed. By the 1850s many of the lots were developed. Oxford Street fronting lots developed quickly as did Bourke Street lots and lots on the west of Palmer Street. Block C.3 was subdivided last.

The subject site was purchased by John Carney - builder in 1853/54 and the building appears in the first Sands Directory of 1858. The property was sold in 1914 to Edward Everett of Wahroonga, and major changes were then made to the building with an Edwardian overlay by City of Sydney Architect Rutledge Louat in 1914. This removed several significant original features of the building including the verandahs.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building has historic significance as it dates from the key period of development of Darlinghurst and the subdivision of grand estates into residential and commercial development.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building has aesthetic significance as a good example of a mid Victorian terrace group with Edwardian alterations and demonstrates many of the key aspects of both styles.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The area is not identified in an archaeological zoning plan and the area has been well researched and it is unlikely that the site would reveal further information that would contribute to the significance of the area.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building is not rare.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a representative example of an altered mid Victorian terrace with Edwardian alterations found in Darlinghurst and the inner suburbs of Sydney
Integrity/Intactness: Medium
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the facade of the building other than to reinstate original features. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, shall not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the Sydney City Council Development Control Plan. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydeny LEP 2012I31014 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes
Modern Movement Architecture in Central Sydney - Heritage Study Review2014 Tanner Kibble Denton Architects  Yes
Heritage Review of Selected Heritage Items and Potential Heritage Items2008 Weir Phillips, Architects and Heritage Consultants  No
 0    No
 0    No
 0    No
 0    No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenBrian Sayer1999Statement of Heriage Impact for 246 Forbes Street
WrittenJohn Oultram Heritage & Design2004Heritage Impact Statement

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420118


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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