House "Stoneleigh" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

House "Stoneleigh" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds

Item details

Name of item: House "Stoneleigh" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds
Other name/s: Greencourt
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Mansion
Primary address: 1A Darley Street, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010
Parish: Alexandria
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1A Darley StreetDarlinghurstSydneyAlexandriaCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Historically significant as a fine example of the mid Victorian villas of the wealthy, one of the earliest layers of the development of Darlinghurst. Associated with two notable people who owned the building: Richard Jones, 1870-1892, who was Chairman of the CBC Bank and founder of the Maitland Mercury newspaper; and J. Russell French, 1895-1905, who was General Manager of the Bank of New South Wales. Aesthetically significant as an exceptionally fine example of a Victorian Regency villa.
Date significance updated: 15 Nov 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Two storey Victorian Regency style house, freestanding, with a hipped corrugated steel roof, a bank of 12 paned timber framed double hung windows to the first floor, and arched colonnade to the ground floor. Victorian cast iron palisade fence. The colonnade extends around one side of the building. The building is constructed of stone and rendered brick. The columns to the colonnade are octagonal with moulded caps. The building also features articulated quoins.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good. The roof (not original) was damaged in the 1999 Sydney hailstorm, and was replaced with the current sympathetic corrugated steel roofing.
Date condition updated:09 May 07
Modifications and dates: 1999
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani)
The house is thought to have been constructed c. 1860, probably for William Barker. Two notable people who owned the building were Richard Jones, 1870-1892, who was Chairman of the CBC Bank and founder of the Maitland Mercury newspaper; and J. Russell French, 1895-1905, who was General Manager of the Bank of New South Wales. By 1907 the house had become a boarding house owned by Henry Tongue, and in 1912 became part of the Marist Brothers School property.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Residential-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Historically significant as a fine example of the mid Victorian villas of the wealthy, one of the earliest layers of the development of Darlinghurst.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Associated with two notable people who owned the building: Richard Jones, 1870-1892, who was Chairman of the CBC Bank and founder of the Maitland Mercury newspaper; and J. Russell French, 1895-1905, who was General Manager of the Bank of New South Wales
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
An exceptionally fine example of a Victorian Regency style villa.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Representative of the mid Victorian villas of the Darlinghurst area.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydeny LEP 2012I27214 Dec 12   
Heritage study  01 Oct 76   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenD. Sheedy1976National Trust Listing sheet October

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420152
File number: HC 32474, S90/05838


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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