House "Oakland" Including Interior and Grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

House "Oakland" Including Interior and Grounds

Item details

Name of item: House "Oakland" Including Interior and Grounds
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Mansion
Primary address: 16 Martin Road, Centennial Park, NSW 2021
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
16 Martin RoadCentennial ParkSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Oakland is aesthetically significant as a representative example of Federation Free style, which makes a positive contribution to the streetscape. It has group value as part of a group of grand houses from the same period due to covenant and siting restrictions which have ensured a high quality streetscape. The site has historic significance as part of the development of the Centennial Park lands subdivision of 1905, and its relationship to Centennial Park.
Date significance updated: 28 Oct 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: 2 storey polychrome brick Federation Free Style residence with hipped slate roof, terracotta ridge capping, triangular timber louvred vent to peak of the roof. 2 storey verandah with slightly off-centre brick parapeted tower. The ground floor verandah features 3 brick arches of different sizes and shapes, the centre one being to the tower, and one being a keyhole arch. The first floor verandah features a timber balustrade and frieze with a keyhole fretwork pattern to the corners of the frieze, and a brick arch to the tower. There are two bullseye windows, one to each door.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building is in fine original condition. However, the front garden has recently been altered by the installation of terraced gardens beds.
Date condition updated:03 Mar 00
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

First appears in the Sand's Directory for 1910, as being occupied by Thomas Alfred Boyce.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Oakland physically represents the 1905 subdivision of Centennial Park lands, intended to fund the landscaping and development of Centennial Park, and subsequent development phase.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Fine and rare domestic example of Federation Free style.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Rare domestic example of Federation Free style
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Requires a Conservation Management Plan prior to any major alteration. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I13514 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
South Sydney Heritage Study19933.15Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420233


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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