House "The Crossways" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds | NSW Environment & Heritage

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House "The Crossways" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds

Item details

Name of item: House "The Crossways" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds
Other name/s: The Crossways
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 50 Martin Road, Centennial Park, NSW 2021
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
50 Martin RoadCentennial ParkSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The Crossways is aesthetically significant as one of the finest examples of the Federation Arts & Crafts style in Australia, and one of the finest works of architect B.J. Waterhouse of Waterhouse & Lake, the house is also historically significant as the residence of Dr Craig Gordon, physician and surgeon.
Date significance updated: 28 Oct 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: B.J. Waterhouse, Waterhouse & Lake Architects & Espie Dods
Builder/Maker: A. Dean & Sons
Physical description: A massive, part 2, part 3 storey mansion with 2 hipped slate roofed pavilions (one three storey, one two storey) linked by a 2 storey parapeted section with a triangular parapet over its centre. Walls are cement rendered. Timber framed casement windows feature square paned leadlights. There is a 2 storey bay window to the centre of the Martin Road facade, and 4 massive tapering chimneys. Sandstone base to the two ground floor pavilions.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The pavilion on the north side of the facade is an addition, however the designer has blended this addition into the original building with matching detailing.
Date condition updated:03 Mar 00
Further information: Should be recommended for the State Heritage Register.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. .

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

Designed by architect B.J. Waterhouse of Waterhouse & Lake architects for Dr. Craig Gordon in 1908. Builders A. Dean & Sons.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Crossways physically represents the 1905 subdivision of Centennial Park lands, intended to fund the landscaping and development of Centennial Park, and subsequent development phase.It is also significant as the house of physician and surgeon Dr. Craig Gordon.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
One of the finest examples of the Federation Arts & Crafts style in Australia, and one of architect B.J. Waterhouse's finest works, this house shows some American influences.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Exemplar of the Federation Arts & Crafts style
Integrity/Intactness: Addition to north side
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Requires a Conservation Management Plan prior to any major alteration. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I14514 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420235


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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