House "Windsor" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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House "Windsor" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds

Item details

Name of item: House "Windsor" Including Interior, Front Fence and Grounds
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 19 Robertson Road, Centennial Park, NSW 2021
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
19 Robertson RoadCentennial ParkSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Fine example of Inter War Georgian Revival style.

The building is significant as a fairly intact example of a grand residence one of many that were built after 1905 and define the prestige character of the area.
Date significance updated: 03 Mar 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: O.A. Brown of O.A. Brown & Keesing, Architects
Physical description: Substantial 2 storey rendered brick house in the Inter War Georgian Revival style with mostly 12-paned timber framed double hung windows flanked by timber shutters. Symmetrical, with a central projecting portico carried on 4 doric columns with 2 rectangular pilasters flanking the front door. 10-panelled front door with blue diamond patterned leadlight sidelights and fanlights in a decorative fluted doorcase. Terrace above the portico features a wrought iron balustrade.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Alterations occurred to the house in the late 1920s, a new garage was constructed in 1966, and the building was renovated 1989-1991, however the building retains a high degree of integrity to both front and rear.
Date condition updated:03 Mar 00
Modifications and dates: Late 1920s, 1989-1991, Garage built 1966
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

Centennial Park was proclaimed on 16 February 1900 and in 1905 part of the grant was subdivided for sale. No. 19, Lot 8 was owned by the following people: 1912 George Lyons, 1918 Sarah Lyons, 1921 Henry James Clark, 1926 Catherine Clark, 1955, Grace Clark, 1957 Harold Theodore Clyde Howard and Wilma May Howard. The property was occupied from 1915 by the Wylde family and named “Kynaston”. From 1924 the site is occupied by Henry Clark and called Windsor. The present house appears to date from this time. An application for fowlsheds was received in 1923 and a garage in 1926. Alteration occurred to the house in the late 1920’s and a new garage in 1966. The building was renovated in 1989 and 1991. (Source: Heritage Study)

The site was occupied from 1912 by a house named "Kynaston". From 1924 the site was occupied by Henry Clark and the house was named "Windsor". The house was built in 1923 for Henry Clark to a design by architect O.A. Brown of O.A. Brown & Keesing.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Windsor physically represents the 1905 subdivision of Centennial Park lands, intended to fund the landscaping and development of Centennial Park, and subsequent development phase.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Fine example of Inter War Georgian Revival style.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Representative of its style.
Integrity/Intactness: Substantially intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Conservation Management Plan required prior to any major alterations. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney Local Environmental Plan 2012I15014 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Martin Road, Centennial Park, Conservation Area Study and Guidelines Report2000 Kemp and Johnson Heritage Consultants and Planning Strategies P/L  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420240


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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