Shop and Residences Group Including Interiors | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Shop and Residences Group Including Interiors

Item details

Name of item: Shop and Residences Group Including Interiors
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Flat
Primary address: 304-312 Bourke Street, Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Parish: Alexandria
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
304-312 Bourke StreetSurry HillsSydneyAlexandriaCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Of aesthetic significance as a fine and typical example of Federation Queen Anne style city commercial development. It also holds an important aspect to Taylor Square and Bourke Street. Of historical significance as the building dates from a key period of development around Taylor Square.
Date significance updated: 21 Nov 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: unknown
Builder/Maker: unknown
Physical description: Three storey Federation Queen Anne style red brick building with terracotta pediments. The building features string coursing, sandstone sills, a finely articulated façade, and 3 projecting bay windows at 1st floor level.
The shopfront cornering onto Patterson Lane is originally splayed and features a cast iron column. There is also an original shopfront at no.312.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good physical condition.
Date condition updated:20 Jun 01
Modifications and dates: c.1980: shopfronts at 306,308 and 310 are altered.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Shops and residences.
Former use: Shops and residences.


Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City )

The site was originally part of a land grant of 70 acres to John Palmer dating from April 1st 1794, which was then named 'George Farm' . Later it became part of the Riley Estate (Block B6) which was subdivided in 1845 (Kass, 1984). These buildings replaced earlier structures on the site.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building dates from key period of development around Taylor Square.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Of aesthetic significance as a fine and typical example of Federation Queen Anne style city commercial development. It also holds an important aspect to Taylor Square and Bourke Street.
Integrity/Intactness: High. Shopfronts at no.s 304 and 310 are original. The building is intact above the awning. The awning brackets are original.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I142514 Dec 12   
Heritage study 2.107   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenGoddard, J.1986National Trust Classification Card - Shops and Residences
WrittenKass, T.H.1984The Builders and Landlords of Surry Hills, 1830-1882.

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420368

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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