Terrace Group Including Interiors and Front Fencing | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Terrace Group Including Interiors and Front Fencing

Item details

Name of item: Terrace Group Including Interiors and Front Fencing
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 404-408 Moore Park Road, Paddington, NSW 2021
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
404-408 Moore Park RoadPaddingtonSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Nos 404 - 408 Moore Park Road is a rare and fine example of an externally intact Federation Anglo- Dutch style terrace group with its distinctive use of red face brick and terracotta detailing, which contributes to the character and quality of the streetscape of Moore Park Road. The group is also of high local significance as a result of its association with William Bakewell and the firm of Bakewell Bros, brick and pottery manufacturers.
Date significance updated: 04 Nov 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: A group of three two storey terraces built in the Federation Anglo Dutch Style with distinctive red face brickwork. Each terrace comprises a narrow projecting bay with gable and a wider recessed bay containing curved shaped balcony on the first floor above the verandah. Each gable features terracotta panels. The roofs were originally clad with slate with terracotta cresting. The front fence and rear fence is in matching brickwork. The rear wings of the terraces have a hipped roof.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:14 Dec 01
Modifications and dates: Original slate roof with teracotta cresting have been replaced. Some of the windows have been replaced with aluminium to No.408. Security bars fitted to ground floor of No. 406.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: residential
Former use: residential


Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora.

With European occupation of the Sydney region from 1788, the Cadigal and Wangal people were largely decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

The subject site was part of Sydney Common which was proclaimed in 1811 and dedicated as a Common of 490 acres on 5 October 1866 under the Sydney Commons Improvement Act of 1866 under which Sydney Council was appointed as trustees. This Act followed lobbying by Council to empower it to sell a portion of the Sydney Common and to spend the money raised on improving the remainder of the Common .The site forms part of Block Z of Sydney Common which was subdivided in 1881. Block Z comprised 41 lots fronting Moore Park Road, between Regent and Gordon Streets. Lots 30, 31, 32 and 33 were sold to one Martin Cannon of Sydney in February 1883. Cannon sold the land, undeveloped, in 1892 to Ellen Rosetta McMullen and her husband Franklin McMullen. The McMullens soon afterwards built a terrace (called Nelson Terrace) of three houses numbered 398-402 Moore Park Road on lots 30, 31 and part of 32.

The McMullens sold their remaining lots to William Bakewell in August 1900. Sydney City Council rate books for Flinders Ward in May 1901 show Bakewell’s land as still undeveloped at that time but by May 1905 he is listed in rate books as the owner of three two-storey brick houses with slate roofs, each comprising 11 rooms. The terrace was first listed in Sands’ Sydney Directories in 1903, indicating a building date of 1902.

The terrace was built for William Bakewell, of the firm Bakewell Brothers, brick and pottery manufacturers, and significantly it features extensive use of profiled bricks and decorative architectural terracotta: tiles on the gables of each house, terracotta balustrades, keystones, corbels and coping.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site has historic significance as it dates from the subdivision of Sydney Common and the terrace built on it dates from the key period of development of the area.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The terrace has significance through the association with William Bakewell of the firm Bakewell Bros, brick and pottery manufacturers
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The terrace group is a relatively intact example of a visually prominent building in the Federation Angle Dutch style of architecture, with its distinctive use of red face brick and terracotta detailing, which contributes to the character and quality of the streetscape of Moore Park Road.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The group has potential to provide further information about the use of architectural terracotta manufactured by Bakewell Bros and role the firm had in the residential development of the inner city area.
SHR Criteria f)
A rare example of Federation Anglo - Dutch style terraces in the Council area
SHR Criteria g)
Representative of a Federation Anglo - Dutch style terrace group.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Heritage Impact Statement required for new works proposed to the building. Face brickwork is not to be rendered, painted or sealed. Aluminium windows to be removed and replaced with timber in the same style as the original. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I108014 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenMegan Martin2001404-408 Moore Park Road Paddington

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420410

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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