Terrace Group Including Interiors and Front Fencing | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

About us

Terrace Group Including Interiors and Front Fencing

Item details

Name of item: Terrace Group Including Interiors and Front Fencing
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 1-25 Angel Street, Newtown, NSW 2042
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1-25 Angel StreetNewtownSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The terrace at 1-26 Angel Street is of historic significance as evidence of early residential development of Newtown as a result of the subdivision of early land grants. It is of aesthetic significance as a fine example of workers terrace which features a mix of both Victorian Italianate and Federation Queen Anne styles. The terrace makes a significant contribution to the streetscape and conservation area.
Date significance updated: 21 Dec 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Builder/Maker: John Stephens
Physical description: A single storey brick terrace house group in a style which is a mix of Victorian Italianate and Federation Queen Anne. The row consists of twelve dwelllings and a former shop at the southern most end of the group. The terrace is of brick construction with timber flooring and roof framing. It features gabled corrugated metal roofs with chimneys, and projecting gabled bays to the front elevation, and arched, parapeted entry porches. The façade brickwork has been painted . Front gable ends feature timber barge boards and finials, and the front façades to each house also feature pairs of semi-circular arched windows with heavy label moulds above, and pilasters between. A small setback to the streets allows for little front gardens.There are a mixture of front fences.

The rear wings to the row feature mirrored pairs with breezways maintained to the majority of the properties. All of the terraces have a small rear yard and most have access to Gibbes Lane.

Original significant internal fabric includes fire places and timber joinery.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Originally face brick, most of the houses have had their face brickwork painted.
Date condition updated:08 Dec 03
Modifications and dates: The face brickwork tfo the facades has been painted.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

From the 1850s and the construction of the railway from Redfern to Parramatta in 1855, large land grants and villa estates in the Newtown area began to be subdivided, particularly following development of the Eveleigh Railway Workshops which provided local employment.

The Angel Street group is on a former estate of 210 acres granted in two stages to Nicholas Divine, Principal Superintendant of Convicts, in the 1790s. Divine and his family lived on the land until his death in 1830 and the estate passed to his assigned servant Bernard Rochfort who subdivided and sold it. Further intensive subdivisions took place in the late 19th century. An acre of land between Angel and Whitehorse Street was sold by William Manning and James Fitzhardinge to builder John Stevens of Redfern in November 1894. Stevens appears to have constructed the row of houses at Nos. 1 to 25 in 1895-1896, during which time he took out mortgages and sold some of the land. By the 1896 Sand's Directory houses upward of No. 9 were listed as occupied, and in 1897 Nos. 1, 5 and 7 were listed as occupied. Ownership of the row transferred to William London in 1901, Francis Conor in 1915, Lesser Opit in 1927, Charles Stocks and Grace Stewart in 1928, Owen Dowling in 1938, and some further transfers until 1963 when the row was sold to Bowman and Clark Pty. Ltd. who subdivided the row into separate allotments for each house.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Community facilities-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The terrace is of historic significance as evidence of early residential development of Newtown as result of subdivision of early land grants.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
It is of aesthetic significance as a fine example of a workers terrace which features a mix of both Victorian Italianate and Federation Queen Anne styles. The terraces makes a significant contribution to the streetscape and conservation area
SHR Criteria g)
Representative example of a late 19th century workers terrace which features a mix of both Victorian Italianate and Federation Queen Anne styles.
Integrity/Intactness: Moderate to high
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls. New front fencing should be of timber pickets similar to that at No 11.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSouth Sydney Amending LEP 200023 97 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenHistoryworks Pty. Ltd.2003Statement of Heritage Impact: Alterations and additions to heritage item, 5 Angel Street, Newtown

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420428

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.