Terrace House Including Interior | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Terrace House Including Interior

Item details

Name of item: Terrace House Including Interior
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 809 Bourke Street, Redfern, NSW 2016
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
809 Bourke StreetRedfernSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Of historical significance as an illustration of early twentieth century infill in the Redfern area. Of aesthetic significance as an unusual Federation Queen Anne influenced terrace house. Relatively rare as a Federation era terrace example.
Date significance updated: 23 Nov 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Unusual two storey terrace house with Federation Queen Anne style influence, face brick (now painted) with stepped brickwork to fin walls, corrugated iron gabled roof with corrugated iron hipped roofed cube projecting above the main roof above the juncture between the front balcony and the front wall. Both levels of the façade feature central doors with sidelights, the ground floor also featuring a front door offset to one side. The ground floor verandah features turned timber posts and a freize of turned timber spindles. The first floor balcony features turned timber posts and balustrade of turned timber spindles. Original brick front fence with hipped rendered cappings to posts.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:23 Nov 05
Modifications and dates: Face brick walls of house and face brickwork to front fence have been painted. The original, probably wrought iron, infill panels to the front fence are missing. Some timber spindles missing from first floor baclony balustrade.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )
The property occupies part of Edward Smith Hall’s Grant of 185 acres made in April 1822, which comprised land bound by Cleveland, South Dowling, Phillip and Elizabeth Streets. That same year, Hall divided part of his grant into 2 portions of 75 acres. One portion was sold to Solomon Levey in 1822 and the remainder was purchased by Jemima Jenkins. Jenkins portion encompassed the area bound by Cleveland, South Dowling, Phillip and Marriott Streets.

Jemima Jenkins subsequently sold her land to Thomas Horton James who passed it to Frederick Unwin in 1828. The following year, Unwin subdivided his property into large allotments (3 acres) with frontages to Bourke Street and sold them quickly. Unwin had Bourke Street formed with convict labour.

Good water supply encouraged development of industry and nurseries in early settlement, such as Baptists Nursery (from 1830s) west of Bourke street and Aldersons Tannery east at Bourke Street near Maddison Street. Baptists Nursery was the largest single usage. The tannery was a major employer and polluter from the 1850s.

Residential development occurred from 1880 but major wave occurred after 1890 when the area was subdivided. Industrial and commercial warehouse development occurred in the early twentieth century.

From the turn of the century until the Second World War, new development in the area was predominantly industrial and commercial on a large scale.(History sourced from Baptist St Conservation Area history, South Sydney Conservation Areas Study, Architectural Projects Pty. Ltd., 2003).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Residential-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Of historical significance as an illustration of early twentieth century infill in the Redfern area.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Of aesthetic significance as an unusual Federation Queen Anne influenced terrace house.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Relatively rare as a Federation era terrace example.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Encourage chemical stripping of paint from brickwork to both the house and the front fence, restoration work (reinstatement of missing timber spindles to the balcony balustrade, reinstatement of missing wrought iron infill panels to front fence). The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I128614 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420472


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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