Former Fire Station Including Interior | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Former Fire Station Including Interior

Item details

Name of item: Former Fire Station Including Interior
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Utilities - Fire Control
Category: Fire Station
Primary address: 932-934 Bourke Street, Zetland, NSW 2017
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
932-934 Bourke StreetZetlandSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The former Waterloo Fire Station retains most of its original form and detailing, even though it has been modified and the face brick work is painted. The building is aesthetically significant as an example of the Inter-War Free Classical style. It has historic significance as a design of the eminent architects, Spain and Cosh who carried out all design work for the Board of Fire Commissioners between 1909 and 1923.
Date significance updated: 31 Jul 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Spain, Cosh and Dods
Physical description: A two storey brick Inter - war Free-Classical style building with a hipped tiled roof. Front elevation divided into three bays with a central projecting bay with a pedimented gable. The central and southern bays originally had openings for the engine house but the timber and glass doors have been removed and replaced with smaller aluminium windows and bricked in. The first floor balconies have been enclosed with aluminium framed windows. A rendered string course between the ground and first floors wraps around the street elevations of building.
Modifications and dates: Timber and glass engine bay doors removed replaced and bricked in except for three high windows. The front suspended awning above these doors has been removed. Front first floor balconies enclosed. Most of the timber framed casement windows replaced with aluminium framed windows. Face brickwork has been painted.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.


Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. .

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

1917 Fire Station Constructed
1975 Use of premises for Turkish-Cypriot Club
1987 Use of premises for Religious Centre and Associated Offices

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
7. Governing-Governing Welfare-Activities and process associated with the provision of social services by the state or philanthropic organisations (none)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Religion-Activities associated with particular systems of faith and worship (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
It has historic significance as a design of the eminent architects, Spain and Cosh who carried out all design work for the Board of Fire Commissioners between 1909 and 1923.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is aesthetically significant as an example of the Inter-War Free Classical style applied to a fire station.
SHR Criteria g)
Representative example of an Inter-war Free Classical style Fire Station.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

A Heritage Assessment should be carried out to investigate the removal of unsympathetic modifications and reinstatement of original features where appropriate. In particular the aluminium framed windows should be replaced with timber framed casement windows in keeping with the original windows, examples of which can be seen on the ground floor of the northern elevation. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the fa├žade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I220214 Dec 12 97 
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1993Heritage Survey of Sydney Region Fire Stations
WrittenAdrian Colin,1989 Fighting Fire, A Century of Service
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420502

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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