Terrace Group Including Interiors | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Terrace Group Including Interiors

Item details

Name of item: Terrace Group Including Interiors
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 47-51 Church Street, Camperdown, NSW 2050
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
47-51 Church StreetCamperdownSydney  Primary Address
47 - 51 (should include 53) Church StreetCamperdownSydney  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

The building is a good example of early 20th century housing likely to have been developed for workers of a number of nearby industry such as the Bonds factory which was established in the area in 1918. Note that the listing should include No. 53 which was clearly constructed as part of the group and includes a corner shop.
Date significance updated: 11 Jan 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The building is a group of 4 single storey Edwardian style terraces constructed of tuck pointed face brickwork with corrugated iron roofs and brick/rendered chimneys. The building was constructed in 2 pairs with a step in bewteen. The façade features paired timber double hung windows with rendered sills, rendered corbell detailing to the party walls, timber fretwork brackets to the front verandahs, timber panelled front door, verandahs with tesselated tiles and a cast iron palisade style front fence.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The group is in good condition.
Date condition updated:21 Dec 10
Modifications and dates: No. 47 has a dormer window to the street.
No. 49 has a dormer window to the street.
No. 53 incorporates a corner shop and has been altered with painted brickwork to the front and a raised ridge line incorporating a first floor addition to the rear.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

An area of 240 acres was first granted by Governor Philip Gidley King to Captain William Bligh on 10 August 1806, 3 days before Bligh assumed the office of Governor. Bligh named this land “Camperdown” in commemoration of the English naval victory over the Dutch at the Battle of Camperdown in 1797 in which he was decorated. By 1810 all the available land in the area has been taken up in grants. Although the land was allocated to more than 30 people it was rapidly consolidated into large estates. The first subdivision of Bligh’s grant took place in 1841 when Bligh’s estate was auctioned by Samuel Lyons. The are was further subdivided into the O’Connell town estate in 1843. In 1862 Camperdown was incorporated as a Municipality, but due to financial difficulties did not operate until 1868. Council did not receive sufficient income to cover extensive drainage works required due to large non rate paying land holdings such as The University of Sydney and 2 major hospitals. Some of the streets were renamed in 1878 when Camperdown Rd became Church St because of the 2 churches in the area. The area began to develop in the late 19th century with the most important local industry being Fowler’s Potteries which operated from 1848 -1919. Camperdown Municipality was absorbed within the City of Sydney in 1908.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Worker's Dwellings-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building dates from a key period of development of Camperdown when large manufacturers like Bonds moved into the area.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a good example of a small group of Edwardian terraces which demonstrate many key elements of the style including tuck pointed face brickwork, timber fretwork brackets to front verandahs, and paired timber double hung windows with rendered sills.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The building is a good example of early 20th century workers housing developed for nearby industry such as the nearby Bonds factory.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The building has limited potential for further research mainly related to the history of occupants of the terraces.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The terrace group is not rare.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a representative example of workers housing developed in the early 20th century found in the inner suburbs of Sydney.
Integrity/Intactness: Medium
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I5014 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2420564


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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