St Mary's Church Group Including Buildings and Their Interiors And Fencing | NSW Environment & Heritage

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St Mary's Church Group Including Buildings and Their Interiors And Fencing

Item details

Name of item: St Mary's Church Group Including Buildings and Their Interiors And Fencing
Other name/s: Our Lady of Perpetual Succour (Church)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Religion
Category: Church
Primary address: 21-23 Swanson Street, Erskineville, NSW 2043
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
21-23 Swanson StreetErskinevilleSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The church is of aesthetic significance as a fine and relatively rare example of a church in the Federation Arts & Crafts style , and the presbytery enhances the setting of the church. The church and presbytery are of social and historical significance for the Catholic diocese of Erskineville, originally established in 1872.
Date significance updated: 26 Mar 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: J. McCarthy, architect
Physical description: Two storey Federation Arts & Crafts style Church 1912 designed by J. McCarthy, architect, and two storey Federation presbytery.

The church is 2 storey in scale, polychrome face brick with rendered bands, and rendered panels with art nouveau style decorative stucco detail, has a gabled parapet with a gabled terracotta tiled roof behind and features a metal roofed conical bell tower on the eastern side.

The 2 storey presbytery has a hipped and gabled unglazed terracotta roof with a gable end facing the street, and imitation half-timbered balcony balustrade. Timber posts and brackets feature on the verandah and balcony. The first floor balcony is partially enclosed.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
In good condition with a high degree of original fabric intact and high potential for restoration. Partial enclosure of 1st floor balcony to Rectory.
Date condition updated:14 Nov 06
Modifications and dates: Building Application - BA/1992/1081 - ALTS AND ADDS TO BUILDING (Alterations to the internal layout of church seating, to create narthex & chapel & carry out external repairs to walls). Approved 16-Feb-1993.

Development Application - D/1992/884 - ALTS & ADDS TO CHAPEL (ALTS & ADDS TO CHAPEL EXTENDED DELEGATED AUTHORITY ). Approved 13-Nov-1992.

Privately Certified Const. Cert. (South Sydney) - CCP/2004/25 - Refurbishment of Administration building at St Mary's primary school Essential Certifiers CC2004-02775 DA:564/03. Approved 29-Jan-2004.

Development Application - D/2005/467 - Minor alterations comprising 2 new access ramps. Currently being assessed 29/04/2004.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

The Catholic Archdiocese parish of Erskineville was established in 1872. The church was built in 1912 to the design of architect J. McCarthy. The presbytery appears to be possibly 1920s.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Religion-Activities associated with particular systems of faith and worship The Church-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The church and presbytery are of social and historical significance for the Catholic diocese of Erskineville, originally established in 1872.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Associated with the history of the Sydney Catholic archdiocese.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The church is of aesthetic significance as a fine example of the Federation Arts & Crafts style , and the presbytery enhances the setting of the church.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The church and presbytery are of social and historical significance for the Catholic diocese of Erskineville, originally established in 1872.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building/s should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement. Should be prepared for the building/s prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of lesser significance, shall not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the South Sydney Heritage Development Control Plan. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I62714 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
South Sydney Heritage Study1993 Tropman & Tropman Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenJean Rice2008Statement of Heritage Impact - St Mary's Erskineville
WrittenRichard Apperly, Robert Irving, Peter Reynolds1994A pictorial guide to identifying Australian architecture

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2421327


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