Former Hotel "Trickett's Hotel" Including Interiors | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Former Hotel "Trickett's Hotel" Including Interiors

Item details

Name of item: Former Hotel "Trickett's Hotel" Including Interiors
Other name/s: Tricketts Hotel, Kings Hotel, Citibank, Sugar House,
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Hotel
Location: Lat: -33.870346776597 Long: 151.207330106188
Primary address: 138-140 Pitt Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
138-140 Pitt StreetSydneySydney  Primary Address
102 King StreetSydneySydney  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

138-140 Pitt Street has architectural, historic and aesthetic significance as one of the best and most intact surviving examples of a Victorian Italianate city hotel that is located in a prominent position with a strong streetscape value both in the immediate locality and when seen along King Street. The building is of particular significance for its surviving four corner tower and cupola, and as one of the distinctive landmark features of the locality. The building has fine Italianate detailing and is a very well designed building from the period. Its group value is related to the adjoining buildings in King Street and the buildings on the opposite corners fronting Pitt Street Mall, which make this intersection a key heritage precinct in the city.
Date significance updated: 10 Jan 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1879-1879
Physical description: This building is part of a cohesive group of late 19th to early 20th century buildings and facades near the inter-section of Pitt and King Streets. The octagonal tower, capped with a domed cupola roof, forms a dramatic counter-point to the nearby high rise buildings, and the building is a prominent corner landmark viewed from King Street against the backdrop of the MLC Centre. The building has four storeys of masonry construction and has a recessed corner tower and projecting angled bay windows to levels 1 and 2, topped with decorative iron work as in the main parapet. The building has excellent Victorian detailing, and is well designed and proportioned. The ground floor has been altered with new shopfronts (replaced several times) and new internal fitout. The upper floors retain much of their layout and detail but have been refitted with modern services including air conditioning and tower room. Category:Individual Building. Style:Victorian Italianate. Storeys:4. Facade:Painted Rendered Masonry, Stucco Detail. Side/Rear Walls:Paintered Rendered Masonry. Internal Walls:Plastered Brick. Roof Cladding:Corrugated Steel Sheeting, Copper Cladding to Cupola. Internal Structure:Load Bearing Masonry & Steel Beams. Floor:Timber Joists & Boards. Roof:Timber. Ceilings:Plaster. Stairs:Timber. Lifts:None. AirConditioned:Yes
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building is in good condition and is well maintained both externally and internally. Intrusive Elements:Current shopfronts, ground floor fitout for bank use and contemporary services installations.
Date condition updated:10 Jan 06
Modifications and dates: 1879
Further information: High Significance:Victorian facade with hexagonal corner tower and cupola roof. Medium Significance:Interior spaces above ground floor that have remained largely intact. Interior of tower. Low Significance:Awning over footpath.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Retail
Former use: Hotel

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

Trade in sugar began within the first decades of settlement in Sydney. The site at 138-140 Pitt Street was for many years the city's first sugar exchange. In the late 1870's the present building was constructed as a hotel for a Sydney businessman, William Mears. It had four floors and sixteen rooms and was made of brick and shingle. It was first managed by E. Trickett, a world champion sculler. The building retained this use for the next fifty years, at least until the beginning of the Great Depression, with occasional changes to the number of rooms. It is unclear when the ground floor changed to commercial use, but since 1973 it has had a range of tenancies and fitouts and is currently being used as a bank. During the 1970's and early 1980's the site was known as Sugar House and was occupied by a bridal boutique.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building is of historic significance as one of the best surviving examples of the corner hotels which were once a familiar feature of Sydney's business centre. Has historic significance locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Has aesthetic significance locally. Cultural:The building is of aesthetic significance as one of the most intact surviving Victorian Italianate hotel buildings on a prominent corner location with excellent detailing and a rare surviving tower and cupola that is one of the landmark structures of the central city area.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building is part of a rare group of surviving nineteenth century commercial properties in this part of the city centre, related to a key corner location (three of the corner sites are occupied by significant heritage buildings).
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is representative of Victorian commercial development in the Sydney city area.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

General - The Citibank Building should be conserved in its current form above the awning and as part of its group. All architectural details should be conserved and maintained in good condition. The streetscape setting of the building as part of a significant group should be retained. Exterior - Reinstate a more sympathetic shopfront as the opportunity arises reflecting the structural system of the building and interpreting the original façade. Interior - Maintain in good condition and retain interior detailing and plan arrangements from its early use. Allow further adaptation of interiors when its does not impact upon the significance of the building. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I192214 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1984Martin Place Civic Design Study
Written  National Trust Listing Sheet
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenEmery Balint1984Historic record of Sydney city buildings : a review of historic commercial building construction in the Victorian era
WrittenSchwager Brooks1985Traditional Hotel Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2423845


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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