"City Tattersalls Club" (198-200 Pitt Street) Including Interior | NSW Environment & Heritage

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"City Tattersalls Club" (198-200 Pitt Street) Including Interior

Item details

Name of item: "City Tattersalls Club" (198-200 Pitt Street) Including Interior
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Recreation and Entertainment
Category: Sports Club
Location: Lat: -33.8728530958352 Long: 151.207444085269
Primary address: 196-204 Pitt Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
196-204 Pitt StreetSydneySydney  Primary Address
198-200 Pitt StreetSydneySydney  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

City Tattersall's Club Centre (north) is a six storey reinforced concrete retail and commercial building constructed in the Federation Free Classical Style, which together with its adjacent building, occupies a prominent position in the Pitt Street streetscape. The building has high historic significance as a reflection of the importance of Pitt Street as a bookmaking and gambling precinct since the mid-nineteenth century. The building has high social significance for its ability to demonstrate the importance of horse racing in Australian popular culture. The building has aesthetic significance for its contribution to Pitt Street. The Club Room has a high aesthetic significance as a fine and highly intact example of a streamlined modern interior and includes many specific elements such as the decorative columns and bar grill.
Date significance updated: 10 Jan 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Ernest Lindsey Thompson (1870 -1935)
Builder/Maker: Eastment & Clark
Construction years: 1923-1924
Physical description: City Tattersall's Club, formerly City Tattersall's Chambers, forms part of the Pitt Street streetscape with other buildings of varying height. The building is of Federation Free Classical style. The facade division has a central bay marked by three classical arches with windows above, and two side bays each one window in width. The top floor is marked by five arched windows under an antique cornice. The plan is L shaped 40 m x 55 m with two light wells, one perpendicular, and one straight to the south. The seven floors to Pitt Street step down to two floors at the rear. The original ground floor vestibule and shops have been completely replaced with a 1930's streamlined modern timber quality interior with bell shaped columns, as well as more recent intrusive alterations. Category:Individual Building. Style:Federation Free Classical. Storeys:5 + basement. Facade:Rendered Brick, Stucco Detailing. Side/Rear Walls:Rendered Brick,. Internal Walls:Plastered brick. Roof Cladding:Metal. Internal Structure:Reinf conc slab. Floor:Reinf conc slab. Roof:Timber. Ceilings:Decorative plaster susp plasterbd. Stairs:reinf. conc stair with metal railings and timber panelling. Sprinkler System:Yes. Lifts:1 passenger lift. AirConditioned:Yes
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
In general City Tattersall's Club retains its 1923 structure. The Club Room on the ground floor and Sydney Room on the second floor remain intact. All other interiors have been modified leaving only remnants.
Intrusive Elements:The Lotto signage.
Date condition updated:10 Jan 06
Modifications and dates: 1923-1924
Further information: High Significance:The 1930's streamlined modern club room interior. Medium Significance:West fa├žade above the awning. Low Significance:The remaining pre 1940's interior.
Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Club, Retail, Commercial offices
Former use: Club

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

Taterasall's Club Sydney was formed in 1858 " when an organised band of sportsmen rented a room at a Pitt Street hotel". The hotel was O'Brien's on the western side of Pitt Street. In 1878 George Adams became the licensee of this hotel and under Adams' management it became Tattersall's Hotel and Marble Bar. In 1890 the Club built its own premises on a site opposite the hotel at 202-204 Pitt Street and this building was called Tatersall's Chambers (ref invent no 4067.) In 1895 a second Tattersall's Club, the City Tattersall's Club, was formed and from 1903 occupied premises almost next to Tattersall's Hotel on the other side of the street. This site remained the City Tattersall's Club until 1915. In October 1922 the Club bought 198-200 Pitt Street for 35,000 pounds. A two storey brick building existed on the site, used in 1921 as a garage and offices. This building was demolished in 1923. The new building six storey reinforced concrete building was completed in 1924 and was first listed in Sands' Sydney Directories as Tattersall's City Chambers in 1926. The original octagonal columns, dado height panelling, coffered ceiling, leadlight panels, metal and timber decorative stair to the vestibule and clubroom were removed in the 1985 alterations to shopfront facade and interiors.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Together with 202-204 Pitt Street this building reflects the importance that this section of Pitt Street has had as a bookmaking and gambling precinct since the mid-nineteenth century.


8 Has historic significance locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Has aesthetic significance at a State level. Cultural:The building contains a rare example of an intact 1930's Club Room interior and associated
stair. The building has aesthetic significance for its contribution to Pitt Street.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Together with 202-204 Pitt Street the building demonstrates the importance of horse racing in Australian
popular culture. Has social significance locally.The building contains a rare example of an intact 1930's Club Room interior and associated
stair. The building has aesthetic significance for its contribution to Pitt Street.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building contains a rare example of an intact 1930 streamlined modern club lounge.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
As an example of club facilities within the city.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

General: The overall form of the City Tattersall's Club should be retained and conserved and continue to be used as a club facility. The addition of further floors could be contemplated particularly to the rear of the site which would not impact on the existing facade and intact interiors. Surfaces which were originally painted should continue to be painted in appropriate colours. A Conservation Plan is required prior to any proposal for new works which may impact on the exterior form and finishes or intact interiors. Exterior: All remaining intact original fabric on the external facades should be retained and conserved. Door and window openings should not be enlarged or closed in. Future refurbishment should attempt to recover significance by the removal of intrusive signage elements from the facade. Interior: Any future development should protect and conserve remaining intact interiors such as the 1930's streamlined bar and Sydney Room. Generally where interiors have been extensively remodelled and there is little of significance remaining further alterations could be acceptable provided that future work does not compromise the facades of the building.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I192814 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1945C.T.C. Jubilee peace 1895-1945 Sydney City Tattersall's Club 1945
Written  Land Title Search: NSW LTO Old Systems Book 1283 : 637/23
Written Andersen, Joseph1984Tattersall's Club, Sydney, 1858-1983
Written City Tattersalls Club1995City Tattersalls Club : a century of achievement
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenArchitectural Projects Pty Ltd.2003196-204 Pitt Street, Sydney : conservation management plan
WrittenCity Tattersalls Club (Sydney, N.S.W.)1971City Tattersall's 75 years a history

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2424041


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