Crown Hotel Including Interior | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Crown Hotel Including Interior

Item details

Name of item: Crown Hotel Including Interior
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Hotel
Location: Lat: -33.8798044272271 Long: 151.20836491497
Primary address: 160-162 Elizabeth Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
160-162 Elizabeth StreetSydneySydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The Crown hotel situated on a prominent corner location at the crossing of Goulburn and Elizabeth Streets is significant as a fine and largely intact example of the style used in a corner hotel. The existing hotel continues the tradition of an earlier hotel of the same name on the site. The building is significant for the strong contribution it makes to the character of the immediate area and for the aesthetic relationship it has with the Victorian buildings in Goulburn Street. It is one of only three hotels in the style located within the city; the others are the Forbes Tavern and the Chamberlain, both holding more significance than the Crown. The building is representative of the style used in a prominent corner hotel. The building has significance as part of the network of small purpose built hotels providing a social / recreational venue and budget accommodation located within a short distance from Central Station, and reflects the social character of the area during the early years of the 20th century.
Date significance updated: 03 Jan 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1909-1909
Physical description: The Crown hotel is a three storey rendered brick building in the Federation Anglo Dutch style located on a prominent corner site on Elizabeth Street a few blocks north of Central Station. The building features rendered detailing and Dutch gables typical of the style, with ceramic wall tiling below awning. The building remains largely intact with original doors and windows. A large satellite dish is located on the roof and a steel frame structure can be seen from the street. A rendered brick laundry and store takes up much of the roofspace and the remainder is tiled and used as an outdoor deck. The original layout and planning remains on the upper floors. Early striped ceramic wall tiling has been retained on most of the walls of the public bar. The bar counter and fittings do not appear original, dating from the early 1930s, but may be located in the original position. The interior retains original joinery and the Saloon bar has timber panelling over the original tiling. Category:Individual building. Style:Federation Anglo Dutch. Storeys:3 + cellar. Facade:Rendered masonry; Ceramic tile (below Awning).. Side/Rear Walls:Rendered masonry.. Internal Walls:Plastered brick, ceramic wall tiles to public bar. Roof Cladding:Reinf. conc. slab with waterproof membrane and quarry tiles.. Internal Structure:Loadbearing walls; Reinf. conc. column & beam (to bar area).. Floor:Timber joists & boards. Roof:Reinf. conc. slab. Ceilings:Plasterbd.. Stairs:Timber staircase. Fire Stairs:No fire stair. Sprinkler System:Yes. Lifts:No..
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building appears in good condition throughout with no internal damage. The early wall tiling to the bar and facades is in good condition. The exterior of the hotel is in good condition. A steel frame structure on the roof remains unfinished..AirConditioned:Yes Intrusive Elements:Satellite dish on roof.
Date condition updated:07 Dec 05
Modifications and dates: c1909
Further information: High Significance:Form, scale and original fabric including rendered walls and detailing, ceramic tiling to façade below awning, original doors and windows to facades, internal plaster decorative detailing and cornices, ceramic wall tiling to public bar, timber joinery and internal layout and planning. Medium Significance:Timber panelling to saloon bar, modified bar counters to both bars. Low Significance:Roof deck, pub signage, modified bathrooms and toilets. Was a heritage item in 1989 and remains an item to the present.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Hotel
Former use: Guest house; Hotel

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

Land Grants in the 1790s saw much of Surry Hills come under private ownership. Captain Joseph Foveaux was the first Surry Hills landowner. Samuel Terry, an ex- convict controlled 19,000 acres of pastoral land at the southern end of the city in the area now known as Surry Hills. The Crown Hotel is located on the corner of Elizabeth and Goulburn Streets, just outside the area of Donaldson's Farm and on land originally known as Sherrif's Garden. The site of the hotel was part of the original grant to John Wilde dated 1823. The earliest record of a Crown hotel on the site is in the Sands Directory and occurs in 1882 when a Mrs. Sarah Walsh is recorded as occupant (licensee) of the Crown Hotel. In 1883, the Crown Hotel is recorded as No. 160 with licensee John Bell. Charles Hones became licensee in 1888. The present building is said to have been constructed as a guesthouse in the early 1900s and licensed in c1909. The land appears to have been resumed by the Municipal Council of Sydney in 1910 and the hotel was leased to John R. L. Rundle in 1921. Tooth & Co. Ltd purchased the property from the Council in 1936. Tooth then leased the hotel. Licensees included John Edward Hennessy (1937-1954), Louis John Liddle (1954-580, Paul John Berry (1957-60), Ronald Moroni Samuel (1960-).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The existing hotel continues the tradition of an earlier hotel of the same name on the site dating from 1882. Has historic significance locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Has aesthetic significance locally. Cultural:The Crown Hotel is significant as a fine and largely intact external example of the style used in a corner hotel. The building is significant for its strong contribution to the character of the immediate area and for the aesthetic relationship it has with the Victorian buildings on Goulburn Street. It is one of only three hotels in the style located within the city; the others are the Forbes Tavern and the Chamberlain, both holding more significance than the Crown.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The building has significance as part of the network of small purpose built hotels providing a social / recreational venue and budget accommodation located within a short distance from Central Station. It reflects the social character of the area during the early years of the 20th century. Has social significance locally.The Crown Hotel is significant as a fine and largely intact external example of the style used in a corner hotel. The building is significant for its strong contribution to the character of the immediate area and for the aesthetic relationship it has with the Victorian buildings on Goulburn Street. It is one of only three hotels in the style located within the city; the others are the Forbes Tavern and the Chamberlain, both holding more significance than the Crown.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Crown Hotel is representative of the style used in a prominent corner hotel which provided a social / recreational venue and budget accommodation.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

General: The form, scale and external original fabric of the hotel building should be retained. There should be no alterations which break through the roofline or rise above the parapet. Windows and door openings should not be enlarged or filled in. As the hotel remains largely intact with the original corner pub character, future proposals for redevelopment should retain the traditional uses of bar and accommodation. Exterior: As the facade has never been modified and below awning still retains the original striped ceramic tiling, there should be no alterations which adversely impact on the original significant fabric and the ceramic tiling should be restored. The original joinery and detailing should be retained. The roof satellite dish should be removed. Interior: As the interior of the public bar retains much of the original significant fabric such as the wall tiling, alterations to this area should be restricted to works which do not adversely impact on significant fabric. The upper floors remain largely intact therefore all new works should retain the existing layout and planning as well as any significant original fabric. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I174714 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Sydney City Council DAs & Bas
Written  Sands Directory 1886-
Written  Lands Title search
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2424101


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