County Clare Inn | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

County Clare Inn

Item details

Name of item: County Clare Inn
Other name/s: Kegroom Tavern; County Clare Hotel; The Hotel Clare, Clare Hotel
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Hotel
Location: Lat: -33.8860235491475 Long: 151.200276623295
Primary address: 20-24 Broadway, Chippendale, NSW 2007
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
20-24 BroadwayChippendaleSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The Kegroom Tavern, originally named the Hotel Clare, is significant as a largely intact and operational hotel which has a direct relationship to the main entrance of the Carlton (Tooths) Brewery site. The building is one of five hotels constructed in this style in the city between 1838 and 1942; the others are the Australian (Broadway), Sutherlands, the Hollywood, and the Civic Hotel. The Kegroom Tavern has significance as the finest example of a well maintained corner hotel in the Inter-War Functionalist style in the CBD. The interior of the hotel is significant for the quality of the timber panelling and plaster Art Deco ceilings which have been retained largely intact, and which are fine examples of the interior decor in hotels of this period. The exterior of the building has aesthetic significance as an important element in the streetscape and as a fine example of the decorative style of the period. The building has social significance as part of the network of corner hotels that provided a social/recreational venue for the local community, and as one of the group of five brick hotels in similar style, located in close proximity to the Carlton (Tooths) Brewery. This site has a lengthy association with the hotel trade as an earlier hotel existed on it.
Date significance updated: 30 Dec 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Sydney Warden
Builder/Maker: S.D.C.Kennedy and Bird Pty. Ltd.
Construction years: 1941-1941
Physical description: The Kegroom Tavern, originally named the Hotel Clare, is a three storey face brick Inter-War Functionalist style building featuring glazed terracotta tile detailing and is located adjacent to the entrance of the Carlton (Tooths) Brewery. The simple curving face brick facade of the building features timber double hung windows enclosed within bands of ribbed terracotta tiles. A prominent vertical element of decorative tiles defines the western corner of the building, and a similar but less prominent element is located on the south eastern corner. The main stair with curved timber lined walls is contained within a block which rises above the roofline. A reinforced concrete band set on short columns forms a top to the parapet wall and this feature is repeated on the top of the stair block. Internally, the bar has been modernised but large decorative circular ventilators featuring Art Deco motifs remain intact in the original ceiling. All ground floor rooms retain the original Art Deco ceilings. Timber frame windows and a glass block panel light stairwell are also extant. Category:Individual building. Style:Inter-War Functionalist. Storeys:3 + cellar. Facade:Face brick. Side/Rear Walls:Face brick. Internal Walls:Plastered brick. Roof Cladding:Corrugated asbestos cement sheeting (unseen). Internal Structure:Brick piers and timber beams. Floor:Timber framing and boards (unseen). Roof:Timber framing (unseen). Ceilings:Decorative plaster to ground floor, set plaster on framing to upper floors. Stairs:Reinf. conc. stair from ground to roof. Fire Stairs:Access to the roof. Lifts:No. General Details:The building retains all of the original detailing including ceilings and joinery. There has been no alteration to the exterior and little change to the interior since construction. The facade below awning is rendered and painted and the soffit of the suspended awning is lined with pressed metal in a wave pattern..
Modifications and dates: 1941
Further information: High Significance:External form, scale and composition, external rendered and terracotta tile detailing, ground floor Art Deco ceilings, timber panelling and joinery to stairs, tiled external vertical features, face brick facades, timber joinery to ground and first floor exterior and interior. Low Significance:Modern timber panelling to ground floor bar, bar counter. Streetscape:The County Clare Inn is listed on the Heritage Streetscape Map in the Heritage LEP 2000.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Hotel
Former use: Hotel

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

The Kegroom Tavern, which was originally named the Hotel Clare, was designed by Sydney Warden, built by S.D.C.Kennedy and Bird Pty. Ltd. and opened in 1941. It replaced an earlier landmark hotel named Ryan's, which was demolished due to road widening along the southern side of Broadway. The building is one of five hotels constructed in this style in the city between 1838 and 1942; the others are the Australian (Broadway), Sutherlands, the Hollywood, and the Civic hotel. The Kegroom Tavern on opening attracted much favourable comment for its design and finishes. External use of colour, good use of modern materials, and tasteful decor, were all singled out for praise. The bars and toilets were located on the ground floor, residential accommodation on the first and second floors and a basement cellar included stores, cool room, boiler and other services.

The building appears to have remained generally as built until 1969 at which time a relatively small programme of alterations and additions was carried out. A more substantial renovation was implemented in 1973/74 at which time the public bar was rebuilt and other alterations were carried out on the ground floor. More substantial changes in the same area were made in 1979. The greatest changes occurred in 1982/3 and in 1985. At that time major alterations were made to the food bar and ground floor new toilets were built.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site has a lengthy association with the hotel trade and the building has significance for its association with the Carlton (Tooths) Brewery which it adjoins. Historic significance for its association with the realignment of Broadway in the late 1930s. The building replaced an earlier landmark hotel named Ryan's. Has historic significance locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Has aesthetic significance locally. Cultural:Significant as a largely intact example of the Inter-war Functionalist style. The significance of the building lies in the quality and condition of the detailing both internally and externally. The Art Deco style ceilings and timber panelling to the ground floor have significance as a fine example of the interior detailing of this style of corner hotel.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Significant for its association with the brewery which is reflected by its close physical association to the main entrance of the Carlton (Tooths) Brewery. Significant for its part in providing a social/recreational venue for the local community. Has social significance locally.Significant as a largely intact example of the Inter-war Functionalist style. The significance of the building lies in the quality and condition of the detailing both internally and externally. The Art Deco style ceilings and timber panelling to the ground floor have significance as a fine example of the interior detailing of this style of corner hotel.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
A rare working example of the corner hotel which is largely intact both externally and internally.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
A fine example of a hotel the Inter-War Functionalist style which retains its original functions of bar and accommodation
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

General: As this is a fine and largely intact example of the Inter- War Functionalist style, the external form, scale and detailing should be conserved. Surfaces never intended for painting, notably face brickwork and tiling, should remain unpainted, while surfaces such as render and timber which were originally painted should continue to be painted in appropriate colours. Exterior: Original external decorative rendered and terracotta detailing (particularly the tiled vertical features) should be retained. Existing window or door openings should not be enlarged or closed in. Interior: The building is capable of further internal alteration at ground floor, provided that surviving significant fabric (mainly the Art Deco ceilings) remains intact, and the form and layout of these interiors is retained. The layout and planning of the upper floors should not be altered. As the internal timber joinery to ground and first floor is intact and in good condition, it should be retained. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the fa├žade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2005 Schedule 8 Part 13809 Dec 05 154126
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  SCC: BA's and DA's ULVA Review 15th. August 1941; 6ff. Schwager Brooks Partners. Traditional Hotels in Sydney CBD, Sept.1985
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2424195


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