Kent Brewery Site | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Kent Brewery Site

Item details

Name of item: Kent Brewery Site
Other name/s: Tooth's Brewery, Carlton Brewery
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Manufacturing and Processing
Category: Brewery
Primary address: 26-98 Broadway, Sydney, NSW 2007
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
26-98 BroadwaySydneySydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The property is of historical significance as a major industrial site in close proximity to the central business district. An assessment of the significance of the buildings and their associated industrial activities/equipment should be the subject of a detailed study.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: An extensive central Sydney industrial site, the Brewery property consists of various, diverse structures and supports a variety of facilities associated with the processes of beer manufacturing.

The present Kent Brewery main entrance road, Main Avenue, which was known as Kent Road, Lane or Street in the last half of the Nineteenth Century, formed the eastern boundary of Kent Brewery until the 1880s. Residential areas had developed to the east along both sides of Kensington Street in the mid 1840s. In the 1880s, Kent Brewery expanded to take in blocks to the west of Kensington Street. Category:Group of Buildings. Style:NOT APPLICABLE. General Details:Refer to Archaeological Zoning Plan.
Further information: LocalThemes:Rise and Fall in Manufacturing CP_SHI_Location:Planning Workshop (1991), Ingham Planning (1999), Conybeare Morrision and Partners (1991) Comments:Was heritage item in 1989, listing evoked under LEP 1992 - conservation of heritage items Streetscape:The Kent Brewery Site is listed on the Heritage Streetscape Map in the Heritage LEP 2000.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Industrial
Former use: Industrial


Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City )

The Kent Brewery was founded by Charles Newnham and John Tooth in 1835. In 1853 a serious fire destroyed much of the original brewery In 1888 Tooth and Company became a public company. The major period of expansion of the premises took place between 1900 and 1917. In 1980 the redevelopment of the site was announced. This was completed two and a half years later. During this time the company was taken over twice.; first by the Adelaide Steamship Company in 1980 and by Carlton United Breweries in 1983. The new brewery was commissioned shortly after the takeover by CUB, becoming the most automated of all CUB's Australian breweries and the second largest brewery in Australia.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
It is the only surviving inner city brewery. Has historic significance locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Significant for the siting of the brewery near Blackwattle Swamp Creek, as supply of water of particular quality was essential for production of good beer. Has aesthetic significance locally. Cultural:Has significant town and streetscape value
SHR Criteria f)
Only surviving inner city brewery. Is rare at a State level.
SHR Criteria g)
Representative of a 19th century custom of locating breweries close to, or in the cities they serve.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Fabric and Setting: The policy should identify the most appropriate way of caring for the fabric and setting of the place arising out of the statement of significance and other constraints. Use: The policy should identify a use or combination of uses or constraints on use that are compatible with the retention or recovery of the cultural significance of the place. Interpretation: The policy should identify the most appropriate way of making the significance of the place understood. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the fa├žade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 4 07 Apr 00 442972
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 3 07 Apr 00 442972
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Kent Brewery Conservation Plan, Planning Workshop. July 1991.
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2424196

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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