Terrace Group Including Interiors | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Terrace Group Including Interiors

Item details

Name of item: Terrace Group Including Interiors
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Location: Lat: -33.8816310345924 Long: 151.208976136417
Primary address: 82-102 Campbell Street, Surry Hills, NSW 2000
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
82-102 Campbell StreetSurry HillsSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

82-102 Campbell Street is listed on the Heritage Streetscape Map in the Heritage LEP 2000. The Terrace is a largely intact and rare Federation terrace group, occupying a complete block in Campbell Street with unusual Federation design features. The group is of significance as one of the last such terraces to be built in the city at a time when the area was being intensively developed for warehousing. It is of interest as the building appears to have been tenanted by Chinese, as it still is, which reinforces its links to Haymarket and the social network of that part of the city.
Date significance updated: 05 Dec 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1905-1905
Physical description: 82-102 Campbell Street is a group of ten terrace houses and a corner shop building from one development. The group is representative of later residential building in the city area with most terraces constructed in the Victorian era. The terrace retains its overall integrity and is of visual interest as its repetitive form steps up the sloped terrain. The group is designed in pairs with each pair stepping. Doorways are central on each pair and a recessed terrace behind curved headed openings extends along the street giving a strong and distinctive form. Only 2 ½ pairs retain their original face brick appearance. The upper floor is finished in rough cast with brick string courses and window heads. The central parapet has a curved top, the others are flat and there is brick corbel detail to each. The corner shop form is intact and has a splayed corner with pediment containing the date. The two shop fronts survive. Parapets to the step are curved. The rear of the building is largely intact. Category:Group of Buildings. Style:Federation Arts & Crafts. Storeys:2. Facade:Polychrome Brick, Stucco Detail, Timber Windows, Sandstone. Side/Rear Walls:Painted Brick. Internal Walls:Plastered Brick. Roof Cladding:Corrugated Steel Sheeting. Internal Structure:Load Bearing Walls & Timber Beams. Floor:Timber Joists & Boards. Roof:Timber Framing. Ceilings:Plaster. Stairs:One per dwelling - timber.. Lifts:None. General Details:The residences are separately tenanted and the interiors could not be interpreted..
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Intrusive Elements:Security screens, painted brickwork, altered windows.
Modifications and dates: 1905
Further information: High Significance:Exterior finishes and 1905 building form. Medium Significance:Surviving early interior fitout. Comments:was a heritage item in 1989 and remains so to the present. Streetscape:The Terrace is listed on the Heritage Streetscape Map in the Heritage LEP 2000.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

Built in 1905, the Campbell Street terraces have enjoyed continuous usage as mixed shops/residences. In their early years, the terraces were largely tenanted by small business owners such as dressmakers, drapers, watchmakers, jewellers and the like and it is likely that they operated their business from the ground floor whilst using first floor for residential purposes. Many of the tenants listed in 1905 were already in residence in earlier buildings on the site and continued to tenant the new buildings for many years afterwards. These tenancies demonstrate the continuity of trade and family life in this area. From 1915 onwards a large number of the tenants were Chinese thus linking it with the Haymarket and Sydney's Chinese community. This link has remained to the present day. Chinese had been in Sydney during most of the nineteenth century. They had worked on and established market gardens at Surry Hills during the second half of the century. However, once the Haymarket was established in 1910 the expanding Chinese population located itself in the area between Darling Harbour and Surry Hills. Theses terraces are closely linked to this demographic history.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
82-102 Campbell Street is historically significant as a rare Federation terrace group in the city and as one of the last terrace developments in the city area. It is also important for its long association with the Chinese community and Haymarket. Has historic significance locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Has aesthetic significance locally. Cultural:82-102 Campbell Street is aesthetically significant for the quality of its design, its use of materials, its strong street architectural value and for its intactness. It is also significant for the definition of the corner of Campbell and Foster Streets which it provides.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
82-102 Campbell Street is socially significant for the long term association with the Chinese community and for its continued residential use, which is extremely rare in the city area. Has social significance locally.82-102 Campbell Street is aesthetically significant for the quality of its design, its use of materials, its strong street architectural value and for its intactness. It is also significant for the definition of the corner of Campbell and Foster Streets which it provides.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
82-102 Campbell Street has rare significance for its continuous residential use in the city where most terrace groups have at least part commercial use. It is also significant as one of the last such terraces to be built in the city. Is rare locally.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
82-102 Campbell Street is a fine representative example of the change from Victorian to Federation design in row housing.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

General: The terrace should be retained as a complete group in the original planned external form. Exterior: Surviving original finishes should be retained including face brickwork and stucco. Painted brickwork should be cleaned to reinstate face brickwork in any future work. Window grills should be standardised in design if required, or preferably removed. Interior: The interiors can be adapted as required provided that the exterior form of the buildings is not altered, and intact staircases and features are retained. The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I146714 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Sands Directory Land Titles Office Rate Books Central Sydney Heritage LEP 2000.
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2424306


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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