House "Montana" Including Interior and Front Fence And Entry Path | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House "Montana" Including Interior and Front Fence And Entry Path

Item details

Name of item: House "Montana" Including Interior and Front Fence And Entry Path
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 36 Boyce Street, Glebe, NSW 2037
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
36 Boyce StreetGlebeSydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Montana is of high local historical and aesthetic significance. It is a fine example of a Federation Queen Anne Style dwelling, the earliest example of this style in the Glebe Area. It was designed by architects Alexander and George McCredie, for Alfred Whetton who was linked to the development of the foreshores and wharves of Sydney. The property was associated with Sydney Home Nursing Service from 1924 until 1999.
Date significance updated: 19 Dec 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: A L and G McCredie
Physical description: Montana is a single storey red face brick house built in the Federation Queen Anne style located at the corner of Boyce and Bells Streets. It has a front verandah with fretted verandah brackets and valance, tiled floor and bullnosed corrugated metal roof. The two front gables, one to each street, have elaborate Gothic influenced timber bargeboards, panels with sunray motifs and finials. The brickwork is embellished by stone string courses and sills, and segmental arches above double hung windows and French doors. The main roof is clad in slate and the chimneys are corbelled. Many of the windows have original decorative stained glass within the fanlights, sashes and sidelights .

The house is setback from the street with an open garden with some trees and a water feature that is not original . The main front door is linked by a back and white chequered marbled tiled path to pedestrian gates off Boyce Street. There is a palisade fence addressing the street frontages of the property behind which is a hedge which obscures views into the property. The based of the fence to Boyce street and the gate posts are in sandstone. The fence to Bell Street has a rendered masonry base and dates from c 2002.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:13 Jul 11
Modifications and dates: 1925 - additions were carried out to allow each nurse to have their own room. This involved construction of two new rooms adjacent to the Servants Room and day Nursery to form an internal courtyard at the rear of the house;

1947 - A three storey Nurses Home was built on the south-west corner of the site. After the Dept of House sold the property in 1999 the Nurses Home was converted into apartments which were sold in 2002. The former Nurse Home is now known as 1 Bell Street.
Further information: .

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential, Headquarters of Sydney Home Nursing Service ( 1924 - 1999)


Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today.

The Toxteh Estate was first subdivided in 1884 and again in 1888, the latter subdivision provided an additional 90 lots. In 1886, Alfred Whetton Jnr purchased Lot 42 and Lots 41 and 43 in 1890. Alfred Whetton Jnr made his fortune through marine contracting and wharf building with his father of the same name.

Architects A.L. & G. McCredie were commisioned to design Montana by Alfred Whetton Jnr and they designed a number of buildings including the Deaf and Blind Instutue in City Road. The house was completed in 1892. The Whetton family lived in Montant until 1906. There were various owners until 1924, when it was purchased by the Sydney District Nursing Association and used as their headquarters until 1999. It was during the ownership by the Sydney Home Nursing Services that a three storey Nurses Home addition that was built in 1947 on the south - western corner of the site. This addition was later converted to three entire floor apartments that were sold in 2002. This post war addition has compromised the curtilage and historic setting of the original house.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Montana dates from the key period of development of the Glebe Area after the subdivision of the Toxteth Estate.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Montana is associated with architects Alexander and George McCredie, who designed the house for Alfred Whetton who was linked to the development of the foreshores and wharves of Sydney .

The property is also associated with Sydney Home Nursing Service who operated from the property between 1924 until 1999.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
A fine example of a Federation Queen Anne Style dwelling, the earliest example of this style in the Glebe Area.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Has social significance because of its links with Sydney Home Nursing Service who operated from the site between 1924 and 1999.
SHR Criteria f)
A locally rare example of an early Federation Queen Anne style house in the area.
SHR Criteria g)
Representative example of an early Federation Queen Anne style house found in the inner suburbs of Sydney.
Integrity/Intactness: Moderate to high
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I65614 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Leichhardt Municpal Heritage Study1990 McDonald McPhee P/L  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1892Australian Builder and Contractors News - 26/11/1892
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenB & K Smith1973The Architectural Character of Glebe
WrittenI Evans1979Restoring Old Houses
WrittenRappoport Pty Ltd2011Statement of Heritage Impact - 36 Boyce Street Glebe
WrittenV. Rushton1985National Trust Listing Card

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2427711

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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