"Woodville" House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

"Woodville" House

Item details

Name of item: "Woodville" House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 22 Station Street, Thirroul, NSW 2515
Local govt. area: Wollongong City
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
22 Station StreetThirroulWollongong City  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The house at 22 Station Street known as "Woodville" is of significance for Wollongong for historical and aesthetic reasons, and as a representative example of fine timber residences of the turn of the 20th Century, of rare quality in the local area context. The aesthetically distinguished dwelling addressing the street corner presents as having a high degree of integrity when viewed externally, and makes a very important contribution to the character and identity of Thirroul. Elements of excellent craftsmanship include features of Queen Anne and Arts and Crafts architectural styles.
Date significance updated: 29 Jan 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: "[Single storey] intact weatherboard cottage in the Federation (or Queen Anne) Art Nouveau style circa 1915. Almost all of the original decorative features appear to be intact – which is relatively rare for a building of this age and being of predominantly timber construction. The picturesque asymmetrical roofline, a typical feature of this style is interestingly roofed in rigid asbestos cement shingles (also called ‘slates’) laid on the diagonal." (Neaves, 2016)

Important in the local townscape and a good example of fine residential architecture. Main features include asymmetrical main elevation with projecting bays to both streets, weatherboard walls, timber detailing, hipped vented slate roof and verandah with timber posts and valance.
Date condition updated:21 Feb 00
Modifications and dates: To the south is a skillion roofed weatherboard and concrete block attached addition circa 1990 which is built to the side (west) boundary. Also, to the south elevation a recent timber framed pergola and associated timber deck has been constructed. (Neaves, 2016)
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: It appears that the first land grant in Thirroul was made to Samuel McAuley (later referred to as McCauley) in 1/6/1855. Other original land grantees were Joseph Roberts, James Holt, Jane Rose, Thomas Rose and David Ballantyne (Map of the Parish of Southend, County of Cumberland, 1921).The land upon which ‘Woodville’ sits originally was part of a grant to Thomas Rose, born 1793. (Neaves, 2016)

"When he was 20 years of age, he was married to Miss Jane Jones, a Welshwoman, "by permission of Governor Hunter," on May 24, 1800, by the Rev. Richard Johnson. There was issue one son and no other children. William Rose was the name, born May 2, 1802, and baptised at old St. Phillip's Church, Sydney, August 25, 1806. Thomas Rose and his wife, Mrs Jane Rose (nee Jones) did not harmonise, so her husband took to seafaring life on the coast of NSW and returned to England for a period of years previous to 1814. While trading at Wollongong, on the South Coast, both he and his wife received individually two grants of land in that locality. The grants book at the Lands Office, Sydney, records: "Thomas Rose of Little Bulli, 60 acres, 8th April 1835. 'Wrexham,' at Bulli on sea coast.'' Mrs. Jane Rose (nee Jones), 60 acres Southhead, 10th May, 1839. 'Seafield Farm', commencing on sea beach, adjoining Thomas Rose." (Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate, Monday 3 December 1928, page 5)

A wedding notice in the Sydney Morning Herald on Monday March 1951 states; "a wedding of district interest took place in St. Alban's Church, Five Dock, when the Rev. Fox officiated in the marriage of Shirley Vera, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Smith, Five Dock, and Robert Henry, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. R. Meades of 20 Station Street, Thirroul." (Neaves, 2016)

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
‘Woodville’ is built on land that was part of the former Thomas Rose 60 acre ‘Wrexam’ Estate. The building is part of the early Twentieth Century residential development of Thirroul. It has the ability to evoke early 20th century life in the wealthier suburbs of the Illawarra district. (Neaves, 2016)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The item has architectural, townscape and aesthetic value. The façade is asymmetrical with a picturesque roof and elaborate timber detail typical of the Federation (or Queen Anne) style. Art Nouveau stylistic influences are clearly evident as are influences from the Arts and Crafts movement. The north, east and west façades are a locally excellent example of the Federation (or Queen Anne) style that was popular around the turn of the century for private houses. (Neaves, 2016)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Woodville’, being substantially intact is able to represent the principal characteristics and elements specific to this building type and age. (Neaves, 2016)
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Retain and conserve. No alterations should alter the views to the house from publicly accessible areas. Any fabric repairs should follow original details in form, material and finish. .

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan"Woodville"615726 Feb 10 2010-76 
Local Environmental Plan  11 Aug 93   
Local Environmental Plan  07 Jan 00 1/200069

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Wollongong Heritage Study1991B32 - NMcDonald McPhee Rogers Conacher FullartonCatherine Macarthur No
Review of heritage items in Wollongong LGA2013 Zoran PopovicZoran Popovic Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2700053


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