Aliumare | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Aliumare
Other name/s: Alimar, Alimmuare, Lumere
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 129 Morrison Avenue, Wombarra, NSW 2515
Local govt. area: Wollongong City
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
129 Morrison AvenueWombarraWollongong City  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The house at 129 Morrison Avenue is of significance for the local area for historical and aesthetic reasons and for reasons of representativeness. The house retains its potential to interpret the history of the area and presents a locally representative example of Victorian Boom style of architecture in Wollongong LGA and one of very few surviving houses of this style on the Illawarra coast. The hosue has associations with history of the coal mining industry, being built for Mr Parsons, an accountant of Scarborough mine.
Date significance updated: 11 Feb 15
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Late Victoria ‘Boom’ style two story brick house rendered and painted. Originally had nineteen rooms and a curtilage of seven acres. It comprises two storeys on a stone basement level. Roof is slate roof with 3 large chimneys. Walls are decorated in stucco, with window moulds and eaves brackets, fretted gable barges. The grounds once had a notable fine garden, and there is evidence of removal of major trees.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: (The following has been abridged from the Illawarra Historical Society):
The current address is Wombarra but it was originally South Clifton which was renamed Scarborough in 1903. A railway siding was built at Brown’s Bridge near the top of Morrison Street for miners at the Tunnel Mine. When a platform was built in 1916 it was named Wombarra an Aboriginal word believed to mean ‘black duck’. The property, when originally created, comprised land between the railway, Morrison Avenue and Lawrence Hargrave Drive. Land was subsequently reduced as portions were subdivided and sold off in 1981, 1985, 1989 and 1999.

1888 Mr Parsons, accountant, Scarborough Mine (unlikely as South Clifton/Scarborough mine did not open 1891)
1894 Thomas Wilson Garlick – sale of furniture
1902 advertised for sale by Charles Gibson Brown
1909 death notice for Charles Gibson Brown of Aliummare
1909 – 1912 Ellen Brown, owner and resident
1912 Madame I Kearns, convalescent home - tenant
1918 death of Charles Brown son of Ellen Brown of Aliummare
1940s Madame Kurz/Kurtz alleged to have signalled German ship from house
Late 1940s guesthouse
1975 sold on 1.2 acres (Illawarra Mercury 10 Mar 1975) as part of the estate of Charles Winston Brown
The property was sold again in 2002, 2010 and 2015.

The original inhabitant of the house was probably Thomas Wilson Garlick who was a coal and iron ore prospector and miner. He was associated with prospecting and surveying for the North Bulli Coal and Iron Mining Company from the mid-1870s. At various times, his fortunes were waxed and wanned and he was summonsed several times for outstanding debts.

He married Mary Collaery on 8 June 1863 at St Francis Xavier’s, Wollongong. Mary was the eldest daughter of Thomas Collaery of Bellambi. The marriage had its moments and in 1878, Mary Garlick sued him for support. A warrant was issued for his arrest the following year as he had not provided the support. Garlick was a Justice of the Peace and often sat on the bench at the Clifton Police Court. He was also at one time chairman of the local school board and donated prizes for Empire Day.

On 10 March 1894 the Illawarra Mercury reported :

"Quite a number of people are going to make a pleasure day of it on Wednesday next and have a trip to the great furniture sale at Aliummare (South Clifton). Sale will be conducted by Will. A. M'Donald, auctioneer, sale of furniture on behalf of T W Garlick."

Thomas Garlick moved to Ashfield in Sydney where he died on 8 December 1901. Mary Garlick died at Bulli on 11 August 1906.

The house was either already owned by Charles Gibson Brown or purchased by him soon after Thomas Garlick sold up. Brown advertised it for sale in 1902:

"ALIUMMARE, situated at South Clifton, Extensive grounds of seven acres, villa containing, including in all, 19 rooms, Plentiful supply of water laid on, Electno bells throughout. Splendid Orchard and Garden. The whole property within 300 yards of the ocean beach. As a private residence or South Coast Tourist Resort cannot be excelled . For further particulars apply to C. G. BROWN, South Clifton." (Illawarra Mercury 5 Jul 1902 p10)

Brown was also involved in coalmining. He died on 27 March 1909 and in 1912, his wife and family left Aliummare to live in Sydney. The house was let to a Madam I Kearns who ran a convalescent home there. Mrs Brown was back in the house by 1918 when her son, Charles, died in World War 1. Mrs Brown died in 1942 and her death was registered at Bulli so she may have been living at Aliummare.

An old Wombarra mansion, once the scene of an espionage intrigue, will be auctioned this month. Auctioneers will sell the estate of Charles Winston Brown - a house and about 1.2 hectares of property at Wombarra - on March 22. House was built in late 1880s and first occupied by the chief pay clerk of the old Scarborough mine shaft - a Mr. Garside. Resident J. Saywell quoted story of a Madame Kurtz who was caught sending coded message to a German ship in World War I.
(Illawarra Mercury, Monday, 10 March 1975, p. 2.)

Illawarra Mercury - Saturday April 29, 2006:

"THERE'S nothing like a ghost story to add to the mystery of an old house and there's at least one such property in Wombarra.

Newspaper articles of the day reported a Madame Kurtz, who had lived in Aliummare (also known as Aliumar and 'Lumere) in Morrison Ave during World War II, had been arrested as a spy. She was charged with treason after being caught allegedly sending morse code messages to German ships standing off the coast using an oil lamp from the top of the four storey home.

Rumour has it that the house in which she once lived is now where her ghost appears from time to time. The lovely home, built in the late 1880s, is one of the few remaining examples on the coast of the architecture of the day."

Illawarra Mercury 16 October 2010 p33:

"It will be a busy day for real estate agents in the Illawarra's north today with a number of properties going under the hammer. The highest profile of these will be the heritage-listed Wombarra mansion Aliummare, built in the late 1880s and meticulously restored to its former glory. The mansion, at 129 Morrison Ave, was originally built for the accountant of the Scarborough mine.

The late Victorian "boom style" mansion was given the name Aliummare, which roughly means "by another sea" in Welsh. The two-storey home has a basement and attic and sits on a 2263sqm block.

Simon Beaufils of Ray White Helensburgh said that, subject to decent weather, a large crowd was expected for the 12.30pm auction. He said there had been 120 inspections of the property during the campaign."

House Sold at129 Morrison Avenue, Wombarra, NSW (Ray White – Helensburgh website):

"Majestic Charm On The Coast
Historical opulence will capture your interest upon entering this meticulously presented grand residence whilst attention to detail is obvious from the minute you enter the front door.

Resting amidst enchanting landscaped gardens, this totally unique two storey grand residence enjoys an idyllic setting on an expansive 2,263sqm block. c1888, its striking interiors are graced with a wealth of exquisite original and restored features. Lovingly refurbished classical kitchen and bathrooms featuring hand painted timbers, marble, granite and stained glass windows are highlighted throughout.

Modern luxuries like under floor heating within the travertine marble floor and superior kitchen appliances are integrated seamlessly into the original character of the home. In addition the completely rebuilt timber decks provide the perfect venue to enjoy the expansive ocean and escarpment scenery.

Floor plan can be reconfigured to reflect your family's needs, from the current design including separate parents retreat/TV room and extra study or alternatively would suit 4th bedroom accommodation.

French doors from many rooms lead out to a large wrap around ironbark verandah. Formal living areas boast traditional working fireplaces, 12 foot high ceilings and original floorboards, perched above an original sandstone cellar.

Landscaped gardens and a level turfed yard which once was a tennis court provide ideal surrounds for the entire family. Yet to be mentioned but not forgotten is the inground pool to complete the activities for your guests after returning from the beach, which is only 5 minutes walk away.

Capturing 180 degree ocean and escarpment views you will lose yourself while being just over an hour south of Sydney CBD , just 40mins south of the Sutherland Shire and 20 minutes north of Wollongong city.
Treat yourself to an inspection today. Must be seen to be appreciated!"

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The item has landmark, architectural, townscape and aesthetic value.
SHR Criteria g)
The item has representative value.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

It is recommended to prepare a Conservation Plan for this site.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan"Aliumar"614126 Feb 10 2010-76 
Local Environmental Plan  07 Jan 00 1/200069

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Wollongong Heritage Study1991B20-NMcDonald McPhee Rogers Conacher FullartonBrian McDonald No
Review of heritage items in Wollongong LGA20136141Zoran PopovicZoran Popovic Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2700495

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