House, front fencing | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House, front fencing

Item details

Name of item: House, front fencing
Other name/s: Toxteth
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 28 Ocean Avenue, Double Bay, NSW 2028
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
28 Ocean AvenueDouble BayWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The site is significant as part of the original grant to John Hamilton in 1840. The building, Toxteth is a fine and largely intact example of the Federation Filligree style. The building has aesthetic significance for the fine detailing and quality of materials and for the contribution it makes to the character of the surrounding area. The building is prominent in the streetscape and appears to be largely intact retaining much of its original fabric and detailing. The building does not appear to have scientific significance but has value for its potential as an educational tool for study of the variety and quality of residential works in the area. It has some historic and social significance as the family home of George Langley.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Physical description: Two storey rendered masonry house in the Federation Filigree style with some Free Classical detailing. Hip roof with flying gable to Ocean Avenue. Roof has slate tiles, galvanised iron ridge cappings, exposed timber rafters and timber lining to eaves. A decorative stone chimney has terra cotta chimney pots. A two storey verandah to the front has decorative cast iron posts, cast iron lace frieze, brackets and balustrade. Ground floor has mosaic tiles, timber floor boards to first floor. Verandah is an extension of the hip roof, and has slate tiles with exposed timber rafters. Windows are generally timber double hung, with internal timber shutters. Stone quoins to window and door openings. At ground level is solid timber front door with stain glass top and side lights, and pair double hung windows to side. At first floor level a timber and stain glass door opens onto verandah. Gable end is timber with pebble dash rendered masonry infill, supported on decorative timber brackets. Gable end has stone quoins, and a two storey projecting facade bay. A pair of double hung windows at first floor level have decorative projecting moulding surrounds. Bay has classical detailing, including rendered pilasters and entablature at ground level. An arched window opening at ground level has carved keystone and stain glass top light. The house is set below road level, and concrete steps with wrought iron balustrade lead down to property. Boundary fence is a stone retaining wall, with cast iron double point palisade infill between stone pillars. Fence is heavily overgrown with vine. Concrete pavers to front garden, and lawn areas to north. Style: Federation Filigree with some Free Classical detailing External Materials: Rendered masonry walls. Slate tiles to roof, galvanised iron ridge cappings, exposed timber rafters and ling to eaves. Two storey verandah with cast iron posts, lace frieze, brackets and balustrade. Timber and pebble dash infill to gable end. Internal Materials: Unseen
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally in good condition, building appears well maintained. Some of the timber work to gable end appears weathered
Date condition updated:07 Apr 04
Current use: Residential flat building
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: The site formed part of the original grant to John Hamilton in 1840. Prior to 1895 the site for the future Toxteth, appears to have been owned by John Looney, with ownership passing to George Langley in 1895-96. Toxteth was built for Langley in 1896, who was only to reside here until c.1901. Ownership of the property passed to Langley's widow in 1950, and then to Insurance representative Harold W. Maver in 1957. In 1919 Toxteth was converted to flats, and in 1922 an additional room was added to the rear. Converted back to a house in 1980 under the ownership of a C. Davis. In 1982 building work included new double garage and laundry, new brick fence to rear alignment, new verandah on the west, enlargements to windows and doors, and new ducted heating installed.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Emergence of building styles-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. A place to live-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Cultural and social life-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Historically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Aesthetically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Socially representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria g)
Socially representative at a Local level. Aesthetically representative at a Local level. Historically representative at a Local level.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

It is recomended that a Heritage Report be required prior to any proposals which would adversely impact on the form and composition of the building. This building is significant as a good example of the type of dwelling constructed in the early years of the 20century. As the building retains much of the original fabric it should remain unaltered. There should be no alterations allowed which alter the form, scale or character of the building. Window and door openings should not be enlarged or filled in.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199510 Mar 95 28 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201421923 May 15   
Heritage studyWoollahraDB-1115 May 84   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Woollahra Heritage Study 19971997551.0080Graham Brooks and Associates Pty LtdGraham Brooks No

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2710114

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