House, sandstone and iron fencing | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House, sandstone and iron fencing

Item details

Name of item: House, sandstone and iron fencing
Other name/s: former Arnold
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 8 South Avenue, Double Bay, NSW 2028
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8 South AvenueDouble BayWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The site was part of the original grant to James Hamilton in 1840. The house known as 'Arnold' was built in 1890 for John Williams. The building at 8 South Avenue, Double Bay is significant as a fine and largely intact external example of the Queen Anne style as used in a residential building. The building which sits behind a high sandstone fence with large mature trees on the boundary is a fine example of the combination of materials and detailing which was indicative of the style. The building has rare aesthetic significance for the largely intact facades and detailing and the strong contribution it makes to the character of the immediate area. It has some social significance for its association with local identities.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1890-1890
Physical description: Two storey face brick house in the Federation Queen Anne style. Roof is a series of hips and gables, with glazed terra cotta tiles and ridge cappings. Two tone brick chimneys with decorative tops and galvanised iron vents. Walls are generally tan face brick in a flemish bond at ground floor level, with a darker face brick base, and pebble dash rendered at first floor level. Single storey timber posted verandah to South Avenue has been enclosed with tan face brick. Two windows to enclosure with operable timber shutters. The carved timber posts and brackets marking the main entrance door remain, as does the timber valance. Front door is solid timber, with decorative timber frame and stain glass top light. Gable end to South Avenue is supported by ornate timber brackets and a projecting facade bay at ground level. Gable end has timber construction with pebble dash rendered masonry infill, decorative timber fascia, and airvent. Half-height french doors with operable timber shutters open onto half-size timber balcony, supported by exposed timber joists. Balcony has decorative timber balustrade. Facade bay has carved stone architrave to double hung windows and top lights, and face brick base. A small gable protrusion to the main hip roof has awning windows to attic room. Window openings to Ocean Avenue have segmental arched window heads in red brick with a keystone detail, stain glass toplights and operable timber shutters. A dormer window to Ocean Avenue has timber and pebble dash rendered masonry infill to gable end, timber cladding to sides, and a pair of double hung windows to the front. Palisade fence to South Avenue, stone and timber panel fence to Ocean Avenue above a stone retaining wall. Style: Federation Queen Anne External Materials: Tan face brick walls, dark brown face brick base, and red face brick details. Pebble dash masonry infill. Glazed terra cotta tiles to roof. Timber posted verandah. Decorative timber fascias and gable ends. Timber framed windows and doors. Internal Materials: Unseen
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally in good condition, appears well maintained.
Date condition updated:17 Mar 04
Modifications and dates: The verandah enclosure to the front is of different tan face bricks in a stretcher bond. Other building works have included the enlargement of an existing living room (1961), the rebuilding of the sandstone fence (1972), and the addition of a rear kitchen (1980).
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: The site for the house named 'Arnold' was one sold by public auction in 1835, the original owner is unknown. The site formed part of the original grant to James Hamilton in 1840. In 1890 Arnold, a 'villa,' was built for a John Williams. In 1902 the property passed into the estate of the late John Williams, until 1904 when ownership passed to Gentleman Thomas Healy. Occupation of Arnold was by John Garland throughout this period to 1911. In 1912 the property was acquired by a Belinda Healy, however she was not to reside here. Mrs. Doris Vera Chapman owned and occupied the property 1928-1935, as did William Dalkeith Donkin 1935-1960's. In 1956 the residence was converted into a maisonette to the west and a flat to the east, resulting in major internal alterations.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Emergence of building styles-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. A place to live-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Cultural and social life-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Historically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Aesthetically rare at a Local level. Aesthetically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Socially representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria f)
Aesthetically rare at a Local level.
SHR Criteria g)
Socially representative at a Local level. Aesthetically representative at a Local level. Historically representative at a Local level.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

A Heritage Report required prior to any proposals for new work. As the facades of the building have remained relatively intact, there should be no proposals allowed which alter the external envelope or materials particularly of the front elevation. All original or early detailing both externally and internally should be retained and restored. There should be no painting of stonework or face brick or materials which did not originally have a paint finish, while those materials such as render which were originally painted may be repainted in complimentary colours. Window and door openings should not be enlarged or filled in, and the form and massing of the building should not be compromised by additions which break through the roofline or alter the form of the early parts of the building.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199510 Mar 95 28 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201422523 May 15   
Heritage studyWoollahra    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Woollahra Heritage Study 19971997690.0100Graham Brooks and Associates Pty LtdGBA No

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2710134

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