Danmark - residential flat building | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Danmark - residential flat building

Item details

Name of item: Danmark - residential flat building
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 16-18 Wolseley Road, Point Piper, NSW 2027
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
16-18 Wolseley RoadPoint PiperWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The site is significant as part of the original John Piper Grant in 1820 and under the ownership of William Charles Cooper to 1898. The house named Danmark was constructed in c.1907and has historic and social significance for its association with a number of important twentieth century businessmen and industrialists such as John Paul and William John Smith. The house retained close association with Smith until the 1970s. Although converted into flats in the 1930s, Danmark has remained largely intact externally and has aesthetic significance for the strong contribution it makes to the streetscape with its highly detailed facades.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Rendered masonry house on a steeply sloping site away from the road towards the harbour. Street frontage is two storeys. Steeply pitched gable hipped roof, with glazed terra cotta tiles and ridge cappings and colorbond drainage system. Timber fascias and eaves. Three storey gable extension to the south has timber lined eaves supported by decorative timber brackets above rendered string course. Gable end above main entrance has timber and rendered masonry infill construction. Rounded porch to front has flat roof, rendered masonry walls, rounded double hung windows and stucco architrave to square doorway. Recessed door behind entrance hall. A stained glass semicircular top light to gable end opens into entrance hall. Hall has curved lathe and plaster ceiling with exposed timber battens. Stucco arch to doorway has vermiculated keystone detail. Modern timber and stainglass doors, decorative stain glass fan light above. Flat roofed sections either side of gable have kliplok roof sheeting, and timber lined eaves supported by timber brackets above decorative stucco panels and pilasters. Timber double hung windows at ground level. Pergola to front is supported by ten metal columns in an ionic style. Pergola has a rendered concrete base and timber beams above. Garages to the south eastern corner have painted brick construction. Double garage has a gable roof, gable parapet end, timber shingles, terra cotta ridge cappings and aluminium door. Single garage has parapet walls and aluminium door. Entrance to No.20 is through former single garage at the northeastern corner. Entrance has marble threshold and recessed door. Behind is steel and glazed 'tunnel' with curved roof, leading to a set of external steps. Style: Federation External Materials: Rendered masonry walls, decorative stucco detailing below eaves. Terra cotta tile roof, timber detailing to eaves, timber and rendered masonry infill construction to gable end. Generally timber framed windows. Concrete carparks to front. Internal Materials: Unseen. Two storey rendered masonry house on a steeply sloping site.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally in good condition and appears well maintained.
Date condition updated:30 Mar 04
Modifications and dates: Garages were added c.1937. Further alterations to the house appear to include front porch addition, and two storey addition to south eastern corner. Alterations during the 1970-80's include internal renovations to many of the flats, and new window and door openings. The entrance pergola was consructed in 1978. Presently occupied as flat building. The entrance to No.20 is non-original.
Current use: Residential flat building
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: The site forms part of the original grant to John Piper in 1820. The property passed to William Charles Cooper in 1898, briefly to Catherine Kitt in 1902, and to John Paul in 1903. The house was constructed for John Paul in c.1907 and named Danmark after his homeland. Paul was a ship's chandler, and later senior partner in the firm Paul and Gray Ltd. In 1927 ownership transferred to William John Smith c/o Australian Glass Manufacturers, Waterloo, and then to Danmark Ltd., a company also owned by Smith. In 1936 the house was converted to 14 flats designed by architects H. Agabiti and B. Millane, and major internal alterations were undertaken. Smith, an 'industrial giant,' appears to have resided at Danmark until his death c.1972. Alterations during the 1970-80's included internal renovations to many of the flats, and new door and window openings.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Emergence of building styles-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. A place to live-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Cultural and social life-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Historically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Aesthetically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Socially representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria g)
Socially representative at a Local level. Aesthetically representative at a Local level. Historically representative at a Local level.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

A Heritage Report required prior to any proposals for new work. As the facades of the building appear to have remained relatively intact, there should be no proposals allowed which alter the external envelope or materials. All proposals for new work should consider the retention of all original fabric and detailing both externally and internally. Window and door openings should not be enlarged or filled in, and the form and massing of the building should not be compromised by alterations to the roofline.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199510 Mar 95 28 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201429023 May 15   
Heritage studyWoollahraPP-1817 May 84   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Woollahra Heritage Study 19971997829.0970Graham Brooks and Associates Pty LtdGBA No

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2710173

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.