Caerleon - house, grounds (Full LEP listing - Description in Further Comments) | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Caerleon - house, grounds (Full LEP listing - Description in Further Comments)

Item details

Name of item: Caerleon - house, grounds (Full LEP listing - Description in Further Comments)
Primary address: 15 Ginahgulla Road, Bellevue Hill, NSW 2023
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
15 Ginahgulla RoadBellevue HillWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This informal grouping of Araucarias, Agathis species and Camphor Laurels are massed along the eastern boundary of this National Trust classified 1885 property. These trees are in an elevated position along the ridgeline and as a group are of high visual prominence, both east and west of this ridge and from the harbour. These species continue a general theme throughout the Woollahra-Double Bay-Bellevue Hill area and indeed most of the Municipality. Further these trees are of significance as being par of a major historic association growing in the vicinity of this central dividing ridgeline of the Municipality.

The Ginahgulla Road grouping of Auracarias and Agathis species in particular, define this ridgeline as a series of vertical emergent elements in the landscape and delineate the grand historic estates of this location. This area notably has retained, albeit in modified form, much of the original landscapes of these former estates. The absence of high-rise development and its associated isolated remnant landscapes is a further important factor in this areas relative importance in this survey.

The Camphor Laurels totally dominate the front north-eastern part of this property and their canopies extend over the carriageway. In this instance, the Kauri Pine and Bunya Pine have been severely crowded by the aggressive and expansive growth of the Camphor Laurels and as a result of this the two pines have very stunted development. This Ginahgulla Road area however, is further significant in having the greatest local concentration of Kauri Pines in the Municipality, all of which are associated with the extensive plantings of these original large estates. The Norfolk Island Pine with its tall, vertical form and dark grey-green foliage stands in contrast to the broadly spreading Iight-green foliaged Camphor Laurels.
Date significance updated: 10 Mar 95
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Summary of Listed Trees located within this Property Description:
1 No. Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla)
1 No. Kauri Pines (Agathis robusta)
1 No Bunya Pine (Araucaria bidwillii)
2 No. Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora)

Botanical Name: Araucaria heterophylla
Common Name: Norfolk Island Pine
Significance Attributes: Single Specimen, Historic, Visual Dominance (Harbour/ District/ Local)
Origin: Ornamental/ Cultivation
Location: Pine located near the eastern property boundary
Height: 23 metres
Canopy Spread: 8 metres
Trunk Diameter: 800mm (@ 1.0 metre above ground level)
Estimated Age: 100+ years
Condition/ Health: Pine in very good condition and health.

Botanical Name: Agathis robusta
Common Name: Kauri Pine
Significance Attributes: Single Specimen, Historic, Visual Dominance (Harbour/ District/ Local)
Origin:Ornamental/ Cultivated
Location: Pine located near the eastern property boundary.
Height: 22 metres
Canopy Spread: 6 metres
Trunk Diameter: 700mm (@ 1.0 metre above ground level)
Estimated Age: 100+ years
Condition/ Health: Twin-forked pine in good condition and health, however has been crowded by the adjacent Camphor Laurels and consequently has a thin and poorly developed crown.

Botanical Name: Araucaria bidwillii
Common Name: Bunya Pine
Significance Attributes: Single Specimen, Historic, Visual Dominance (Harbour/ District Local)
Origin: Ornamental/ Cultivation
Location: Pine located near the eastern property boundary.
Height: 20 metres
Canopy Spread: 6 metres
Trunk Diameter: 700 mm (@ 1.0 metre above ground level)
Estimated Age: 100+ years
Condition/ Health: Multi-stemmed pine in good condition and health, however has been crowded by the adjacent Camphor Laurels and consequently has a thin and poorly developed crown.

Botanical Name: Cinnamomum camphora
Common Name: Camphor Laurel
Significance Attributes: Informal Pair, Historic, Visual Dominance (Harbour/ District/ Local)
Origin: Ornamental/ Cultivation
Location: Trees located near the eastern and northern property boundary, near the entry, driveway.
Height: 28 metres
Canopy Spread: 25 metres
Trunk Diameter: 2.0 metres, multi-trunked bases (@ t.0 metre above ground level)
Estimated Age: 100+ yeans
Condition/ Health:Both trees in very good condition and health.
Further information: Full LEP description - Caerleon - house, grounds, gardens, gateposts, gates, Norfolk Island Pine, Kauri Pine, Bunya Pine, 2 Camphor Laurels

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199510 Mar 95 281349
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 20143523 May 15   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Register of Significant Trees1991 Landarc Landscape Architects  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711158


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.