House and grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

House and grounds

Item details

Name of item: House and grounds
Other name/s: Kardinia
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Duplex
Primary address: 28 Darling Point Road, Darling Point, NSW 2027
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
28 Darling Point RoadDarling PointWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The house and the subdivision demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Mona Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class housing.
The building, built c.1910, is a good representative example of a house in the Federation Queen Anne style popular for good quality houses at the time and provides evidence of contemporary aesthetic tastes. The house demonstrates key characteristics of the style including its informal picturesque composition of projecting square and facetted wings, gables, bays, verandahs and other elements, semi-octagonal corner bay with its pyramidal ‘candle snuffer’ roof, large two storey verandah with turned posts and arched verandah beams facing Mona Road and decorative elements such as half timbering and decorative stucco elements, curved timber eaves brackets, timber sill brackets and the semicircular rusticated sandstone arch supported by dressed sandstone pilasters flanking the entrance porch.
The garden appears to retain a great deal of its early layout and features, including a number of very large trees, asphalt paths and paved areas with brick edging, crazy paving to a terrace at the north of the house and at southeast of the house, bush rock terracing and edging to garden beds and other plantings. The garden to the north of the house contains two very large trees. Together with very large street trees in the vicinity, these give the corner a distinctive landmark quality.
Together with the street trees and the trees within the site, the house forms part of a group with St Marks Church and Manse and houses at Nos 3 and 5 Greenoaks Avenue.
Date significance updated: 30 Mar 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Not known
Builder/Maker: Not known
Physical description: Substantial freestanding two storey Federation Queen Anne residence, converted to a duplex in the 1950s, on a triangular allotment on the prominent corner of Darling Point and Mona Roads opposite St Marks Church and Manse. The allotment has long frontages to both roads and falls gently from the Darling Point Road frontage. There is a flat roofed double garage on the southern end of the Mona Road frontage. The rest of the site is fenced with a dark stained timber lapped and capped fence with a white painted capping. The garden appears to retain a great deal of its early layout and features, including a number of very large significant trees, asphalt paths and paved areas with brick edging, crazy paving to a terrace at the north of the house and to another area to the southeast of the house, bush rock terracing and edging to garden beds and other plantings. Two very large trees in the section of the garden to the north of the house are notable, including one Morton Bay Fig. Together with very large Port Jackson Fig street trees in the vicinity, these give the corner a distinctive landmark quality but largely obscure the house from this viewpoint.

The house is competently designed ‘in the round’ to address its corner site in an informal picturesque composition of projecting square and facetted wings, gables, bays, verandahs and other elements. The walls are of face brickwork, which has been painted white with some detriment to its aesthetic appearance, with black painted timber joinery. The roof is generally hipped, with some projecting gables. The house has recently been reroofed with chipped-edge slates and unglazed terra cotta ridges and finials. The rafters ends are expressed and there are a number of curved timber brackets supporting the ends of gables over bays and the wider eaves over the semi-octagonal bay facing the corner. The octagonal ‘candle snuffer’ roof with large terra cotta finial at the northern end of the house is a notable feature. A very large two storey verandah facing Mona Road with turned posts, arched verandah beams and a timber weatherboard balustrade has been enclosed and a projecting single storey verandah with a gable roof on the ground floor. Despite the apparent informality of the design, when viewed from the front porch of St Marks Church the house (although now largely obscured by trees) is symmetrical centred on the semi-octagonal projecting bay and the conical roof, leading to speculation that the buildings are in some way related.

Decorative elements include half timbering and stucco in the gable ends, some with decorative renderwork which is also used under the eaves on the semi-octagonal bay at the northern end of the building and decorative timber sill brackets. The timber panelled main entrance door is located in a recessed porch facing Darling Point Road flanked by a semicircular rusticated sandstone arch supported by dressed sandstone pilasters. There are two brick chimneys with terra cotta chimney pots. Windows have stained glass top lights.

There are some unsympathetic alterations that have occurred:
- Enclosure of verandah facing Mona Road
- Projecting two storey square bay on north western corner
- Reinforced concrete stair and porch to first floor entry facing Darling Point Road
- Additions and balcony at southern end of building.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good general condition. Would benefit from improved maintenance.
Date condition updated:31 Mar 06
Modifications and dates: c.1950 - conversion to two flats
1952 - Alterations and additions
1964 - Alterations and additions
Further information: Forms part of a distinctive streetscape which includes St Marks Church and Manse and houses at Nos 3 and 5 Greenoaks Avenue and the large Port Jackson fig street trees in Mona Road and trees within the site.
Current use: Residence - duplex
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: The site is part of a 15 acre grant by Governor Brisbane to his astronomer, James Dunlop in the mid 1830s. Dunlop did not build on the land. In 1841 he sold it to Thomas Ware Smart who, a year later, built the house known as Mona which still exists at 38 Mona Road. The Mona Estate was subdivided in the 1880s, with Mona Road providing access from Darling Point Road, and lots on its eastern side offered for sale. This subdivision does not appear to have proceeded. The land was resubdivided in 1904 with Mona Road taking a substantially different alignment and connecting with both New South Head Road and Darling Point Road.

The house was built c.1910 on an allotment created by resubdivision of lots 44 and 45 in that subdivision and converted to two flats c.1950.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Street patterns and subdivision-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The house and the subdivision demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Mona Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class housing.
The 1950s conversion to flats demonstrates the subsequent trend towards higher residential densities in the area.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a good example of a Federation Queen Anne house and demonstrates important characteristics of the style and a range of characteristic formal and decorative elements and finishes. These include the informal picturesque composition of projecting square and facetted wings, gables, bays, verandahs and other elements, which deals particularly well with the house’s prominent corner site, the semi-octagonal corner bay with its pyramidal ‘candle snuffer’ roof and the large two storey verandah with turned posts and arched verandah beams facing Mona Road with its projecting gable roofed ground floor verandah. They also include decorative elements such as half timbering and stucco in the gable ends, some with decorative renderwork which is also used under the eaves on the semi-octagonal bay at the northern end of the building, curved timber brackets supporting the ends of gables over bays, timber sill brackets and the semicircular rusticated sandstone arch supported by dressed sandstone pilasters flanking the entrance porch.

Despite the apparent informality of the design, when viewed from the front porch of St Marks Church the house (although now largely obscured by trees) is symmetrical centred on the semi-octagonal projecting bay and the conical roof, leading to speculation that the buildings were in some way related.
The garden appears to retain a great deal of its early layout and features, including a number of very large significant trees, asphalt paths and paved areas with brick edging, crazy paving to a terrace at the north of the house and to another area to the southeast of the house, bush rock terracing and edging to garden beds and other plantings. Two very large trees in the section of the garden to the north of the house are notable, including one Morton Bay Fig. Together with very large Port Jackson Fig street trees in the vicinity, these give the corner a distinctive landmark quality but largely obscure the house from this viewpoint.

The house forms part of a group with St Marks Church and its Manse and houses at Nos 3 and 5 Greenoaks Avenue, together with street trees and trees within the site which give the locality its distinctive landscape character. The building is a significant component of the distinctive streetscape of the locality.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a Federation Queen Anne house.
Integrity/Intactness: While some unsympathetic alterations have occurred, the house and its garden retains a number of distinctive original elements and demonstrates important characteristics of the style and a range of characteristic decorative elements and finishes.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Include the building in the LEP as an individual item and as part of the group including St Marks Church and Manse and the houses at Nos 3 and 5 Greenoaks Avenue and the associated landscaped setting. The paint should be removed from the brickwork using a non-damaging technique, or the house given a sympathetic colour scheme. Encourage owner to investigate feasibility of removal or redesign of unsympathetic alterations.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199522 Jul 05 52 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 20148623 May 15   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Darling Point Heritage Item Study2003 Mark Robinson  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenRate Books/BA Records  
WrittenRosemary Broomham2001Darling Point: Thematic History
WrittenTanner & Associates1997Preliminary Heritage Item Investigation - Darling Point

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711207


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.