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House

Item details

Name of item: House
Other name/s: Inverinate
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 65 Cranbrook Road, Bellevue Hill, NSW 2023
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
65 Cranbrook RoadBellevue HillWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

‘Inverinate’ is a large and intact example of the influence of the English Arts and Crafts style of architecture. Architects Manson & Pickering built the house in 1918 for M.R. McRae. The house, which demonstrates the early development of this section of the Cooper Estate, retains a high degree of aesthetic and technical significance in its design and execution and is representative of Upper Middle Class housing in the Edwardian period. The building style is relatively rare within the Woollahra municipality and the Sydney region generally.
Date significance updated: 07 Jan 04
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Manson & Pickering , Architects
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Physical description: 65 Cranbrook Road is an intact Arts and Crafts style residence. The building is two-storey with a steeply pitched, hipped roof clad in terracotta pan tiles and tall square chimneys with multiple terracotta chimney pots. The house is generally symmetrical across the façade with a dormer sitting in the main roof, which in turn spills around it to form the roof covering for the ground floor verandah. Two open plan verandahs on the first floor accentuate the symmetry.

The building is finished in pebbledash stucco. Exposed rafters run along the eaves line, except where the roof comes down to the ground floor where it sits upon eaves of an oversized dentilated cornice design which is supported off six large square tapered columns, which in turn sit upon a short masonry wall. The upstairs balconies have a gentle curve across the front edge of the balustrade in the manner of the English Arts and Crafts style.

The windows and highlights are generally clear glazed with no apparent glazing bars. Deep flat roofed awnings to the ground floor facade windows are supported by elaborate metal tiebacks. The form of the awning is relatively flat with a deep multi stepped edge in a ‘Voisyesque’ manner.

A large bay window sits below the central roof leading onto the verandah. Timber shingles have been used above the windows in the bay as well as either side of the first floor dormer.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The house appears to be in reasonable condition, however the roof is showing signs of deterioration in both the roof structure and the condition of the terracotta tiles.

No inspection of the interiors was carried out.
Date condition updated:07 Jan 04
Modifications and dates: 1948 Relocation of laundry and construction of a garage.
Alterations by Loveridge & McCailey, Architects
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: In 1910, Horatio Scott Carslaw, Professor of Mathematics at Sydney University, purchased from the Cooper Estate an area of 2 rood 10 ½ perches bounded by Cranbrook Road and Cranbrook Lane. The land was sold undeveloped to Mark Reginald Macrae, a company manager form Sydney in 1918 and the following year he is recorded in the Sands Sydney & Suburban Directory, as living on the site in a house called “Inverinate”. The house was constructed to a design by Manson & Pickering Architects. In 1931 Macrae sold portion of the grounds of his property, on the corner of Cranbrook Lane and Cranbrook Road to Rupert Harden. At the same time, a further subdivision was proposed consisting of the land in front of the house but this was never executed. Macrae remained at “Inverinate” until the property was sold in 1948. Sir Kenneth Noad, medical practitioner, purchased the house, and engaged the architects Loveridge & McCauley to carry out minor alterations. He remained occupier of the house until 1978 when the property was sold to its current owners William and Joyce Conolly

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building does not fulfil the inclusion value for this criterion.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The building retains a high degree of associational historic significance as a good and externally intact example of the prominent Sydney architectural firm of Manson and Pickering. As an intact example of the work of Mason and Pickering, the building demonstrates a high degree of comparative value
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
65 Cranbrook Road, Bellevue Hill, contains a high level of aesthetic significance as a relatively intact example of an English Arts and Crafts influenced design. The overall form of the building, along with the façade, displays many original design elements and finishes common to the Arts and Crafts style and is distinctive in the Sydney region.

An internal inspection was not carried out. Should a high level of intact internal planning and fabric be found then the level of aesthetic significance would be exceptional.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The building does not fulfil the inclusion criteria for this value.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The level of intact external fabric and detailing provides 65 Cranbrook Road with a moderate degree of technical significance. The extant terracotta tile roof and the hand wrought iron awning supports retain a high level of significance.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building does not fulfil the inclusion criteria for this value.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
65 Cranbrook Road is representative of the body of work influence by the English Arts and Crafts style of architecture within the Woollahra municipality.
Integrity/Intactness: The building and its setting is substantially intact contributing to its potential heritage significance.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Any future proposals for modifications to the property should not alter the roofline or the symmetricality of the main façade of the building. Additions should be kept to the rear of the building. An assessment of the condition of the roof is highly recommended to provide a guide to the future (urgent) maintenance and protection of the extant fabric. It is highly recommended that a detailed internal and external photographic record be carried out for lodging with Woollahra Council and the local historical association prior to any further modification. Only appropriate heritage colour schemes should be employed on the external fabric.

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Statutory InstrumentList on a Local Environmental Plan (LEP)07 Jan 04

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199510 Mar 95 281352
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 20142123 May 15   
Heritage studyWoollahraBH-0501 Jan 84   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Inter-War Houses and Flats2001 Noel Bell Ridley Smith & Partners Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenLand Title1910CT Vol 2066 Fol 248
WrittenLand Title1899PA 11331
WrittenSands Directory1918Not listed
WrittenSands Directory Mark Macrae, ‘Inverinate’
MapSydney Water Various-as shown on each sheet
GraphicWoollahra Council Former Building Applications submitted to Council

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711255


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