Tudor House - residential flat building and grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Tudor House - residential flat building and grounds

Item details

Name of item: Tudor House - residential flat building and grounds
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Block of Flats
Primary address: 20 Kent Road, Rose Bay, NSW 2029
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
20 Kent RoadRose BayWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

A good and rare example of the influence of the English 'Garden City' movement on residential flat development in Sydney The site demonstrates a moderate level of historic significance through its ability to describe the subdivision established by the Royal Sydney Golf Club to fund the club. The high level aesthetic significance is demonstrated by a design based on English examples, demonstrating the character of the Garden City movement through the choice of materials and the use of the English Arts and Crafts idiom. The site demonstrates a high level of technological significance as unusual (non-typical) planning for Australian. Rare as an example of this type of development in the Sydney region.
Date significance updated: 22 Jul 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Lorenz Laurell Massey
Construction years: 1924-1925
Physical description: Two storey Edwardian Arts & Crafts style block of residential units combined to read as a row of houses in the English Garden City fashion. Rough cast walling and hipped tiled roof with secondary gables to the street. Symmetrical design with hooded porches and entry doors with squared glazing pattern
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good and substantially intact
Modifications and dates: 1929 - alterations
1933 - alterations
1937 - alterations
1960 - alterations - W.G. Sont & Henry Rossler
1978 - alterations - W.G Sont & Henry Rossler
Further information: Rare as an example of the influence of the Garden City style in Sydney. Reminiscent of the work at Letchworth, Bournville, Port Sunlight (UK)

History

Historical notes: 1924 - Plans Approved
1925 - Construction

The building known as Tudor House, at 20 Kent Road Rose Bay, stands on land first subdivided by the Rose Bay Land Company, the development arm of the Royal Sydney Golf Club, as Lot 27 of the Knoll Estate

The ‘Knoll’ subdivision, released for sale in 1907, was part of an area of over 200 acres in Rose Bay purchased by the Rose Bay Land Company from the Cooper Estates in 1903. The company's intention was to use some of this land for residential subdivision to assist in their land repayment and in 1905/6 they created Kent Road followed by the Knoll subdivision. The estate took its name from the adjacent small hill or knoll on which the RCGC house had been built.

Lots in the subdivision were slow to sell and in 1919 when the subdivision was again offered for sale only 8 of the 33 sites had been developed. Lot 27 was purchased in c1921 by George C King of Rose Bay. The allotment remained unimproved during King's ownership and was transferred to Laurell Messey in 1924. An application was made to Woollahra Council for the construction of four flats and a garage in 1924 with Messey noted as the builder. He applied to council several times during his ownership to make additions and alterations to the building - in 1929, 1933 and 1937.

Lorenz Laurell Messey died in 1941 and the property was inherited by Alison Messey. Following her death the property passed to Mrs Berty Gessner and in c1952 was sold to Louis Sloman, an investor from Rose Bay. The property was purchased in c1958 by Isaac and Sonia Danzyger who made changes to the building in 1960 and again in 1978. The architects cited at this time were W.G. Sont and Henry Rossler.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Urban Consolidation-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site demonstrates a moderate level of historic significance through its ability to describe the development of part of the Rose Bay Land Company’s 1907 Kent Road subdivision (released again in 1919) to support the development of the Royal Sydney Golf Club.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
N/A
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The high level of aesthetic significance is demonstrated by a design based on English examples. Unusual design resolution of multiple units in a co-ordinated Arts and Crafts design exploring design concepts for inter war flat dwellings. The building is based on English examples and demonstrates the character of the Garden City movement through the choice of materials and the simple vernacular cottage in the idiom of the English Arts and Crafts architects.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
N/A
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The site demonstrates a high level of technological significance as an unusual (non-typical) planning for Australian Flats. Rather than the vertical stacking of units this building demonstrates the English tradition of lineal planning combined with the look of a single residence housing multiple units.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Rare as an example of this type of development in the Sydney region.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
N/A
Integrity/Intactness: The building is substantially intact. Interior not inspected
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Internal inspection Heritage colour schemes

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199522 Jul 05 52 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201431623 May 15   
Within a conservation area on an LEPKent Road HCALEP 199527 Feb 04 46 
Heritage studyTanner 01 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Woollahra Council Heritage Conservation Area Study - Balfour Road Precinct2002 Noel Bell Ridley Smith and Partners  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Management Plan 1924BA 521/24
WrittenJane Britten Research Paper - 20 Kent Road

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711514


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