Thanet - house, grounds and sandstone retaining walls | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Thanet - house, grounds and sandstone retaining walls

Item details

Name of item: Thanet - house, grounds and sandstone retaining walls
Other name/s: Dunstable
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Block of Flats
Primary address: 10 Oswald Street, Darling Point, NSW 2027
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
10 Oswald StreetDarling PointWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The subdivision and the house demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the early part of the 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates and the closer subdivision and development of the southern part of the peninsular for housing. The house also demonstrates the trend in the area to higher residential densities commencing in the 1920s with the widespread conversion of houses to duplexes and flats.
Built c.1903, the house is a rare and possibly unique surviving example of a timber cottage in Darling Point, one of only a few remaining in the Woollahra Municipality.

The building is of high significance to Woollahra as a rare surviving example of a timber cottage built in the first decade of the 20th century in a variant of the Arts and Crafts style. The house demonstrates a number of key characteristics of the style including its picturesque romantic informal composition, steep pitched roofs, dormer windows, bracket-supported projecting window bay, stone-coursed rendered masonry base walls, wide verandahs, rusticated weatherboards and decorative finishes such as Wunderlich decorative pressed metal sheeting and wall-hung slates on the gable ends and turned, fretwork and spindle work timber verandah elements (some early and some of recent origin).
Although converted to flats and altered and repaired over its lifetime, the building retains its essential character, construction and materials.

The exceptionally large site contains a number of early garden elements including a sandstone retaining wall onto Oswald Lane, sandstone flagged entrance pathway and stairs and significant trees.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Not recorded
Builder/Maker: Not recorded
Physical description: Timber Federation Arts and Crafts cottage built c.1903, now converted to flats. The building is elevated and sits well back in an exceptionally large irregularly shaped site containing a number of very large eucalypts and other trees and flanked by a public walkway between Oswald Lane and Mona Lane. A substantial sandstone retaining wall forms the Oswald Street boundary, and is penetrated by a sandstone flagged path and stairs rising in two short flights to the level on which the building sits. The upper flight is bounded by rendered masonry edging.

The cottage is mainly single storey, but contains a partial lower floor and a partial attic. The main roof form is a steeply pitched double gable with an internal box gutter and a third gable set high at right angle to this forming the attic. The higher gable form contains two small dormer windows on its long side and a square projecting bay in its gable end supported by timber brackets and surmounted by a curved hood. The gable ends are clad with Wunderlich decorative pressed metal sheeting with wall-hung slates in the apex. The walls are clad with wide rusticated weatherboards, with some sections below the main floor level of stone-coursed rendered masonry. A single storey extension built c.1931 is clad with similar weatherboards and has a lower pitched hipped Colorbond roof. The building has recently been reroofed with Colorbond corrugated steel sheeting. A hip roofed verandah with a central gablet on the main elevation facing Oswald Lane is supported by carved posts and is decorated by a spindle and fretwork frieze. Fretwork balusters appear to be of recent origin, as is the treated pine stair to the verandah. A large chimney penetrating the higher ridgeline has four chimney pots. The building has a very fine panelled front door and sidelights glazed with decorative etched glass. Windows are three-paned casements.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally sound. Evidence of recent maintenance and repair works.
Date condition updated:03 Apr 06
Modifications and dates: 1931 - Living room extended to north; northern verandah extended, roofed and enclosed by trellis; dining room added; second bathroom added. Extensions covered by low pitched gable and hipped roof form.
1994 - Alterations and additions
Current use: Flats
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Oswald Street (but not including Oswald Lane) appears as an unnamed private road on a 1900 land sale poster. The poster offers a number of lots for sale in the Booth Estate on both sides of New South Head Road. The private road provides access to a large parcel of land behind allotments fronting New South Head Road and running through to New Beach Road. This parcel, which includes the subject lot, was not part of the sale offering.

A further land sale poster in 1901 shows the parcel of unimproved land subdivided in its present configuration, with Oswald Street and Oswald Lane, and referred to as the Bayswater Estate, and offers the resultant lots for sale.

The first evidence of a building on the allotment comes from Council’s rate books, which indicate that a Mr James B Bateman owned and occupied a weatherboard cottage on the lot in 1903/4 and lived there for some years. This is confirmed by contemporary Sands Directories, which give the name of the cottage as ‘Dunstable’. The cottage was sold to Miss Gertrude Arlett c.1915, and its name changed to ‘Thanet’. It was altered and extended in 1931 and altered again in 1994.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing - Suburban Expansion-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The subdivision and the house demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the early part of the 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Booth and Bayswater Estates, and the closer subdivision and development of the southern part of the peninsular for housing, in this case for an owner/occupier . The house also demonstrates the trend in the area to higher residential densities commencing in the 1920s with the widespread conversion of houses to duplexes and flats.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a fine rare surviving example of a timber cottage built in the first decade of the 20th century in a variant of the Arts and Crafts style popular at the time. The house demonstrates a number of key characteristics of the style including its picturesque romantic informal composition, steep pitched roofs, dormer windows, bracket-supported projecting window bay, stone-coursed rendered masonry base walls, wide verandahs, rusticated weatherboards and decorative finishes such as Wunderlich decorative pressed metal sheeting and wall-hung slates on the gable ends and turned, fretwork and spindle work timber verandah elements (some early and some of recent origin).
Although altered and repaired over its lifetime, it retains its essential character, construction and materials.

The site retains a number of early garden elements including the sandstone retaining wall onto Oswald Lane, the sandstone flagged entrance pathway and stairs and significant trees.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building is a rare, and possibly unique, surviving example of a timber cottage in Darling Point, one of only a few remaining in the Woollahra Municipality. The site is a rare surviving site of its size in Darling Point containing a modest cottage and contains a number of outstanding trees.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion
Integrity/Intactness: The cottage has been altered and extended, but this has generally been undertaken in a manner sympathetic to and compatible with the form and character of the original structure, resulting in a cohesive overall design. Some early detail has been lost in the course of recent reroofing and replacement of timber elements such as balusters. Major elements of the garden including the sandstone retaining wall to Oswald Lane, the entry path and stairs and major trees remain.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199522 Jul 05 52 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201418023 May 15   
Heritage studyTanner 01 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Darling Point Heritage Item Study2003 Mark Robinson  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenRate books/BA records  
WrittenRosemary Broomham2001Darling Point: Thematic History
WrittenTanner & Associates1997Preliminary Heritage Item Investigation - Darling Point

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711542


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.