Glenires - house and grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Glenires - house and grounds

Item details

Name of item: Glenires - house and grounds
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 10 Greenoaks Avenue, Darling Point, NSW 2027
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
10 Greenoaks AvenueDarling PointWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The subdivision and the house demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the early part of the 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Greenoaks Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class housing.

Built c.1912, the house is a fine representative example of a substantial residence built in the Federation Arts and Crafts style popular for good quality houses in the period, and provides evidence of the tastes of the period. The house demonstrates many of the key characteristics of the style including its picturesque asymmetrical composition with its complex enveloping hipped slate roof and the large asymmetrical projecting gable over the arched front entrance porch, pebble dash stucco lower floor walls and chimneys, heavy half timbering to the upper floor and gable end, large timber eaves brackets, small square projecting ground floor bays and groups of diamond pattern lead light casement windows.

With the adjoining house at No 12 Greenoaks Avenue, the house is part of a small group on a bend opposite the gates of ‘Greenoaks’ (now known as ‘Bishopcourt’) which contributes to the distinctive character and streetscape of the locality.
Date significance updated: 22 Jul 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Ewart & Son
Builder/Maker: Ewart & Son
Physical description: Substantial freestanding two storey residence in the Federation Arts and Crafts style on an irregularly shaped allotment on a bend in Greenoaks Avenue. This part of Greenoaks Avenue was widened c.1929 and a shared driveway (owned by the Council) constructed. This now provides access to a freestanding two storey garage shared with the adjoining house at No 12 and matching the style and character of No 12. The driveway is separated from the road alignment by a retaining wall topped by a fence built of tapering precast concrete posts with wrought iron clamps and railings which appears to be an interesting example of Municipal engineering of the day.

As a result of the shape of the allotment and the road widening, the house is sited below and close to the road frontage The property has a front fence of dark stained vertical bevel-backed weatherboards finished with a timber capping and the side fences are substantial rendered masonry walls. The front garden was redeveloped in the 1990s with stairs and an entry courtyard paved with reconstituted sandstone. It contains tall palms, but the leafy setting is generally provided by overhanging trees on adjoining properties.

The house is a picturesque asymmetrical composition with a complex enveloping hipped roof and a large asymmetrical projecting gable over an arched front entrance porch. The walls are of painted heavily roughcast stucco, with heavy half timbering to the upper floor including the gable end featuring prominent bolt heads. The roof is of slate, which has recently been replaced, with lead ridges. The rafter ends are expressed at the eaves, and there are large timber supporting brackets where the eaves are wider. Small square projecting bays on the ground floor are roofed with lead roll roofing. Groups of timber framed lead light casement windows are glazed with clear glass in a diamond grid pattern. There are two roughcast stucco chimneys with brick copings.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Excellent. Well maintained.
Date condition updated:31 Mar 06
Modifications and dates: 1920 - Alterations and additions to dwelling
1943 - Alterations and additions to dwelling
1951 - Alterations and additions to flat
1986 - Alterations and additions to dwelling
1991 - Siteworks
Further information: Forms part of a small group with No 12 Greenoaks Avenue.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: The site is part of a subdivison of the Greenoaks Estate, which backs onto the site of St Marks Church of England. The land was offered for sale in 1911. Greenoaks Avenue follows the route of the carriage driveway to ‘Greenoaks’ from Darling Point Road, and was only later extended to connect with Ocean Avenue. Greenoaks Avenue was widened in 1929, taking it close to the house, and the driveway on the eastern part of the street boundary shared with No 12 was created.

The house was designed and built c.1912 by Ewart & Son for Mr Stewart MacPhail. Substantial alterations and additions designed by Architects Halligan & Wilton were carried out in 1920.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Street patterns and subdivision-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The subdivision and the house demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the early part of the 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Greenoaks Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class housing.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Built c.1912, the house is a fine example of a substantial residence built in the Federation Arts and Crafts style popular for good quality houses in the period, and demonstrates many of the key characteristics of the style and the tastes of the period. These characteristics are illustrated in the house by its picturesque asymmetrical composition with its complex enveloping hipped roof and the large asymmetrical projecting gable over the arched front entrance porch. They are also illustrated by the pebble dash stucco lower floor walls and chimneys, the heavy half timbering to the upper floor and gable end, the slate roof, the large timber eaves brackets, the small square projecting ground floor bays, and the groups of diamond pattern lead light casement windows.

The building is part of a group of three houses (Nos 8, 10 and 12 Greenoaks Avenue) with similar bulk, form and character on a bend in the road opposite the entrance to Bishopscourt, and contributes to the distinctive character and streetscape of this section of the Avenue.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a fine representative example of a substantial Arts and Crafts residence.
Integrity/Intactness: The building retains the integrity of its original design, construction and setting.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199522 Jul 05 52 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201413223 May 15   
Heritage studyTanner 01 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Darling Point Heritage Item Study2003 Mark Robinson  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenRate Books/BA Records  
WrittenRosemary Broomham2001Darling Point: Thematic History
WrittenTanner & Associates1997Preliminary Heritage Item Investigation - Darling Point

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711547


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